Young People and Youth Justice
Young people who break the law in Scotland are subject to the youth justice system, which is different to the justice system for adults. The youth justice system in Scotland involves the Children’s Reporter who works with a range of agencies to decide what should be done with young people committing offences. A range of options are open to the Children’s Reporter including referral to the Children’s Hearing System
At SCCJR our research in this area includes work on young people’s perceptions and experiences of crime and the criminal justice system. We also conduct research about young people’s offending behaviour and explanations for this behaviour.
Dr Alistair Fraser
Associate Director (Internationalisation), SCCJR
Senior Lecturer in Criminology and Sociology
University of Glasgow
Major new report takes stock of violence in Scotland
17th September 2019
Researchers based at the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research have published a major new report which consolidates existing knowledge on violence in Scotland. A wealth of research has been conducted in Scotland over the last decade which has been essential in helping us understand violent offending in this country, but this is the first...
Less isolation and more access to family crucial for young people’s wellbeing in custody
21st May 2019
An evidence review on mental health and wellbeing of young people in custody has identified that prisoners should not be isolated or denied access to family or support, and that time outside of their cells should be maximised. The review, which was co-written by Dr Sarah Armstrong, Director of the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research...
SCCJR at the Edinburgh Fringe: Hug a Thug returns!
10th August 2016
Professors Susan McVie and Lesley McAra are reviving their show Hug a Thug for this year’s Edinburgh Fringe as part of the The Cabaret of Dangerous Ideas. The show poses questions including: Do you think the criminal justice system is a soft touch? Do you think that prisons make life too easy for criminals? Would you like to bring back hanging? Profs McVie and McAra will tell the stories...
Seminar by Alistair Fraser on Urban Legends: Gang Identity in the Post-Industrial City
21st January 2016
Dr Alistair Fraser will discuss his new book on young people and gang identity in Glasgow on Wednesday, February 10 as part of this semester’s University of Glasgow Sociology Seminar Series. Urban Legends: Gang Identity in the Post-Industrial City (Oxford University Press) tells a story of young people, gang identity, and social change in Glasgow, challenging the perceptions of gangs as a...
Hug a Thug? Crime and punishment debate at the Edinburgh Fringe
18th August 2015
The SCCJR’s Professor Susan McVie will aim to challenge preconceptions about “soft touch” justice with an event at the Edinburgh Fringe. She will be joined by her University of Edinburgh colleague Professor Lesley McAra to share stories of prisoners and victims and help the audience design their ideal prison. The event forms part of the Cabaret of Dangerous Ideas at The Stand in...
SCCJR evaluation finds Whole System Approach to youth justice boosts partnership working
17th June 2015
A co-ordinated approach to diverting young offenders away from the criminal justice system has been found to boost partnership working amid a reduction in referrals to the children’s hearing system. Researchers from the SCCJR – Professor Michele Burman, Professor Susan McVie, Dr Paul McGuiness and Dr Kath Murray – evaluated the impact of the Scottish Government’s Whole System...
Scottish Community Safety Network
1st November 2012
Scottish Community Safety Network SCCJR works with the Scottish Community Safety Network to ensure that up to date thinking and evidence on crime and justice issues is shared with network members and that the work of our academics is informed by the concerns and experiences of network members.
Young People and Male Violence Against Women
25th May 2010
SCCJR associate Nancy Lombard presented about her research about 11-12 year olds and their attitudes about male violence against women at a seminar held at Stirling University on the 25 May 2010. The slides from her presentation are available here. For details about Nancy’s research interests see http://www.sccjr.ac.uk/associates/Ms-Nancy-Lombard/299...
Youth Offending and Youth Justice Book: Up there with the best works in the field!
18th February 2010
Fergus McNeill and Monica Barry’s recently published book entitled ‘Youth Offending and Youth Justice’ (see http://www.sccjr.ac.uk/pubs/Youth-Offending-and-Youth-Justice/156) has been reviewed in the British Journal of Social Work. The reviewer, Ian Paylor, describes the work as "an excellent, coherent, insightful addition to...
Researching Gangs in Glasgow (Presentation at the British Society of Criminology Conference)
8th October 2009
SCCJR’s Alistair Fraser and Colin Atkinson recently presentated to the British Society of Criminology Conference (September 2009) about their experiences of researching gangs in glasgow. A power point of their presentation is available here – www.sccjr.ac.uk/documents/Researching_Gangs_in_Glasgow_-_BSC_June_2009.ppt...
Youth Offending and Youth Justice Book – Forthcoming Sept 09
11th August 2009
Youth Offending and Youth Justice – Edited by Monica Barry and Fergus McNeill How is the modern world shaping young people and youth crime? What impact is this having on the latest policies and practice? Are current youth justice services working? With contributions from leading researchers in the field, this book offers an insightful, scholarly and critical analysis of such key...
The effects of vicarious traumatisation upon those working in the justice system in Scotland
The project will explores the experiences of service providers working with girls and young women who have experienced trauma and victimization. The project, which started in January 2017, is using mixed methods, including interviews and psychometric measures, with 25-30 service providers working in either custodial or community-based settings with girls and young women who are involved with /
Whole System Approach to Children and Young People who Offend
The project funded by the Scottish Government will involve phase one of the evaluation of the implementation of the national Whole System Approach to Children and Young People who Offend. The programme of work on the Whole System Approach will be extended from September 2012 with the appointment of two full-time +3 PhD Studentships (funded through the ESRC/Scottish Government Co-funded...
Reconviction among young people sentenced in the pilot Youth Courts
This project was to assess whether the pilot Youth Courts were more effective in bringing about reductions in recidivism, reconviction among Youth Court cases was compared with reconviction among three other groups of cases: those sentenced in the sheriff summary court and those sentenced in two comparator Sheriff Summary Courts over a similar period of time. The work was requested by the...
Services for Young Runaways: A Scoping Study
This scoping study for the Scottish Coalition for Young Runaways was undertaken to examine responses to young people in Scotland who run away from home or substitute care. The study, originated from concerns about the experiences of young people who run away or are forced to leave where they live and aimed to find out more about the responses currently in place to address the needs of these young...
Youth Violence in Scotland
In November 2009, SCCJR were commissioned by the Scottish Government to identify and collate available qualitative and quantitative research data and information about youth violence in Scotland. The review draws on available sources of data from administrative sources (recorded crime, criminal proceedings, school exclusions, referrals to the Children’s Hearings System) and from the...
A Rapid Evidence Assessment of the Drivers of Perception of Anti-Social Behaviour
This rapid evidence assessment was requested and funded by the Home Office in 2009. Non-SCCJR colleagues John Flint and Sadie Parr were also members of the project team. The report is available here...
Analysis of Supervision Skills by Juvenile Justice Workers
This research, funded by the Australian Criminology Research Council, is examining the nature and effectiveness of different styles of supervision of offenders. The research is being conducted in collaboration with the Department of Juvenile Justice in New South Wales. The study sample will include 50 juvenile justice workers and 200 juvenile justice clients (four clients for each worker). Data...
Evaluation of the Grampian Return Home Welfare Interview (RHWI) pilot
This evaluation examines the operation of Grampian Police RHWI pilot in two pilot areas. The RHWI has been introduced to provide a more effective response to young people who are reported missing either from home or who are looked after and accommodated. The evaluation has been commissioned by the Scottish Government and is due for completion in April 2010. This is a joint evaluation with...
Consensus / Consenso
SCCJR, in collaboration with Xunta de Galicia, Spain and 4 other international partners, were awarded a grant under the European Commission, DG Freedom, Justice and Security: Framework Partnership ‘Prevention of and Fight Against Crime 2007’ for a project identifying, analysing and disseminating existing good practices in restorative juvenile justice across six...
Youth Gangs and Knife Carrying
In 2008, SCCJR were awarded a research grant of £155,000 by the Scottish Government to undertake ethnographic research exploring the nature of youth gang involvement, and the nature of knife carrying by young people in Scotland, and the roles that such activities may play in young peoples’ everyday lives. The research took place in five locations across Scotland and involved a...
Families of Nations and Criminal Justice Outcomes
There is a long history within Social Policy of identifying groups of countries who share common policy outcomes (typified by the work of Gøsta Esping-Andersen, 1990, and Francis Castles, 1998). This work built on the recent work of Paul Norris (2007) by looking at how the groups of nations identified in other areas of Social Policy may relate to differences in criminal justice...
Juvenile Justice in New South Wales
Evaluation of the National Parenting Development Project Project (NPDP, Aberlour Child Care Trust).
This was a four year evaluation of the National Parenting Development Project which examined the strategic and direct impact of the project. This involved an examination of the collaborative work between NPDP and the Programmes Unit at HMP and YOI Cornton Vale where a pilot project has been introduced aimed at assisting women prisoners to address issues of separation...
Drinking and Drug Use in the Community: A Survey of Young Offenders, 2007
This project was conducted in collaboration with Bill McKinlay, the Governor of HMP Barlinnie, and staff at Polmont YOI. Data collection builds upon similar surveys conducted by Bill during 1979 and 1996. The Scottish Prison Service published the report of the project in 2009. To view details and download the final report click here.
Cultural Change in Community Justice
SCCJR was commissioned by the Scottish Government to prepare a brief literature review which explores cultural change in community justice. This is intended to inform the ongoing work of a Performance Improvement Strategy Group which is trying to develop the effectiveness and quality of criminal justice social work in Scotland, as part of the Reducing Reoffending agenda. The basic idea is...
Desistance and Reducing Reoffending
Desistance from crime – the process through which people cease and refrain from offending – is a research topic that is of significant import for criminal justice policy and practice. Staff of the SCCJR have already made a number of contributions to debates about how policy and practice could and should respond to the findings of desistance research. For...
Taking Stock of Violence in Scotland
Published: September 2019
Approaches to violence prevention have also developed apace over the same period, with increasing acknowledgement of some of the structural inequalities and inequities that shape meanings and experiences of violence. However, there is still work to be done. Whilst many neighbourhoods in Scotland have experienced an overall decline in crime, particular neighbourhoods and communities remain...
Mental Health and Wellbeing of Young People in Custody: Evidence Review
Published: May 2019
This document presents a review of evidence on mental health and wellbeing of young people in custody, focusing on suicide risk and prevention in custody. It organises evidence into different frames and factors, separating the diverse perspectives through which mental health issues are analysed. These can shape alternative and sometimes contradictory understandings of problems and what to do...
“Keeping in Touch” Young People’s Experiences of Having a Family Member in Prison: Research Briefing 1
Published: May 2019
This research briefing is by Dr Kirsty Deacon (Glasgow) and was produced as part of the Scottish Justice Fellowship. Introduction It is estimated that around 20-27,000 children experience the imprisonment of a parent each year in Scotland. No official data is collected on this group however – something which can result in them being overlooked in policy and practice. This figure only...
Literature Review on outcomes of parental discipline styles, evidence on effective parenting styles and the international experience of prohibition of physical punishment in law
Published: June 2017
This review was commissioned by the Scottish Government to explore the legal approach taken in a variety of jurisdictions to the smacking of children and to review research evidence on the outcomes of physical punishment and on alternative approaches to disciplining children. This is a literature review of the international evidence on parental physical punishment and other forms of disciplinary...
Criminological Knowledge and the Politics of Impact: Implications for Researching Juvenile Justice
Published: March 2017
McAra, L. (2017) 'Criminological Knowledge and the Politics of Impact: Implications for Researching Juvenile Justice' in Armstrong, S., Blaustein, J. and Henry, A. (eds.) Reflexivity and Criminal Justice: Intersections of Policy, Practice and Research. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke, pp.149-167.
City as lens: (Re)imaging youth in Glasgow and Hong Kong
Published: March 2017
Fraser, A., Batchelor, S., Li, L. and Whittaker, L. (2017) City as lens: (Re)imaging youth in Glasgow and Hong Kong. Young – Nordic Journal of Youth Research. 25(3) 1–17.
Understanding youth violence: the mediating effects of gender, poverty and vulnerability
McAra, L. and McVie, S. (2016) Understanding youth violence: the mediating effects of gender, poverty and vulnerability. Journal of Criminal Justice. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2016.02.011.
Review of ‘Global Gangs: Street Violence Across the World’
Fraser, A. (2016) Review of ‘Global Gangs: Street Violence Across the World’, British Journal of Criminology vol. 56, no. 1, pp.204-207
Urban Legends: Gang Identity in the Post Industrial City
Fraser, A. (2015), Urban Legends: Gang Identity in the Post Industrial City. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Evaluation of the Whole System Approach to Young People Who Offend in Scotland
Murray, K., McGuinness, P., Burman, M. and McVie, S. (2015) ‘Evaluation of the Whole System Approach to Young People Who Offend in Scotland’. SCCJR Research Report 7/2015. Edinburgh: SCCJR
The Case for Diversion and Minimum Necessary Intervention
McAra, L. and McVie, S. (2015) ‘The Case for Diversion and Minimum Necessary Intervention’, in Goldson, B. and Muncie, J. Youth Crime and Justice, 2nd Edition. London:Sage
Gangs and Global Exchange: Confronting the Glasgow Gang Complex
Fraser, R. (2011), Gangs and Global Exchange: Confronting the Glasgow Gang Complex, SCCJR Conference Report No.02/2011
The use of off-trade glass as a weapon in violent assaults by Young Offenders
Forsyth, A. J. M., Khan, F. & McKinlay, W. (2010), The use of off-trade glass as a weapon in violent assaults by Young Offenders, Crime Prevention and Community Safety, 2010, 12 (4).
Experience of discrimination, social marginalisation and violence: A comparative study of Muslim and non-Muslim youth in three EU Member States
McVie, S & Wiltshire, S 2010, 'Experience of Discrimination, Social Marginalisation and Violence: A Comparative Study of Muslim and Non-Muslim Youth in Three EU Member States'. in: Scottish Centre for Crime & Justice Research. European Agency for Fundamental Rights.
Youth gang identification: learning and social development in restricted geographies
Bannister, J., and Fraser, A. (2008) Youth gang identification: learning and social development in restricted geographies.Scottish Journal of Criminal Justice Studies, 14 . pp. 96-114. ISSN 1360-4449.
Evaluation of the Grampian Police Return Home Welfare Interview Pilot for Young Runaways
Burgess, C., Malloch, M., Mitchell, F., Chan, V. and Eunson, J. (2010) Grampian Pilot Return Home Welfare Interview Pilot for Young Runaways: Pilot Evaluation, Edinburgh: Scottish Government.
Troublesome Youth Groups, Gangs and Knife Carrying in Scotland
Bannister, J., Pickering, J,, Batchelor, S., Burman, M., Kintrea, K., and McVie, S. (2010) Troublesome Youth Groups, Gangs and Knife Carrying in Scotland. Project Report. Scottish Government.
Gang Membership and Knife Carrying: Findings from The Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime
McVie., S., (2010), Gang Membership and Knife Carrying: Findings from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime. Scottish Government.
Youth Justice? The Impact of System Contact on Patterns of Desistance from Offending
McAra, L. and McVie, S. (2010) 'Youth Justice? The Impact of System Contact on Patterns of Desistance from Offending'. In M. Little and B. Maughan (eds) Effective Interventions for Children in Need. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing; ch. 2.
Youth Crime and Justice: Key messages from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime
McAra, L., and McVie, S. (2010), 'Youth Crime and Justice: Key Messages from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime', Criminology and Criminal Justice 10: 211-230.
Primary Support Project; An Evaluation
MacQueen, S. and Whyte, B. (2009), Primary Support Project: an Evaluation,Criminal Justice Social Work Development Centre for Scotland TEP Paper 9.
Tackling Anti-social Behaviour and Regenerating Neighbourhoods
Millie, A., (2007) 'Tackling Anti-social Behaviour and Regenerating Neighbourhoods'. In: Atkinson, R. and Helms, G. (eds) Securing an Urban Renaissance: Crime, Community, and British Urban Policy. Bristol: Policy Press; 107 - 124.
Respect and City Living: Urban Contest or Cosmopolitanism?
Millie, A. (2009) 'Respect and City Living: Contest or Cosmopolitanism?'. In: A. Millie (ed) Securing Respect: Behavioural Expectations and Anti-Social Behaviour in the UK. Bristol: The Policy Press; 193 - 218.
Conceptualising tolerance: paradoxes of tolerance and intolerance in contemporary Britain
Kearns, A, and Bannister, J (2009) Conceptualising tolerance: Paradoxes of tolerance and intolerance in contemporary Britain. Italian Journal of Sociology of Education, 2 . pp. 126-147.
Burman, M.J., and Johnstone, J. (2010) Youth Justice. Series: Practice and policy in health and social care (9). Dunedin Academic Press: Edinburgh.
Between Two Stools? Responding to Young Women who Offend
Burman, M., and Batchelor, S.A. (2009) Between two stools? Responding to young women who offend.Youth Justice, 9 (3). pp. 270-285. ISSN 1473-2254 (doi:10.1177/1473225409345104).
Looking for anti-social behaviour
Millie, A., (2007), 'Looking for anti-social behaviour.Policy and Politics', 35 (4). pp. 611-627. ISSN 0305-5736 (doi:10.1332/030557307782453056)
Securing Respect: Behavioural Expectations and Anti-Social Behaviour in the UK
Millie, A. (ed) (2009) Securing Respect: Behavioural Expectations and Anti-Social Behaviour in the UK. Bristol: The Policy Press.
Anti-social Behaviour: Concerns of Minority and Marginalised Londoners
Millie, A., (2006), ‘Anti-social behaviour: Concerns of minority and marginalised Londoners’, Internet Journal of Criminology.
Millie, A. (2009) Anti-Social Behaviour. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
Enquetes de Criminalite et de Delinquance Autoreportees en Grande-Bretagne et en Irlande
McVie, S., (2009) 'Enquetes de Criminalite et de Delinquance Autoreportees en Grande-Bretagne et en Irlande'. In: R. Zaubermann (ed) Les Enquetes de delinquance et de deviance autoreportees en Europe: Etat des Savoirs et Bilan des Usages. Parin: L'Harmattan; 149 - 180.
Critical Issues in Researching Hidden Communities
Ashe, S., Fraser, A. and Piacentini, T. (2009) ‘Introduction: Critical Issues in Researching ‘Hidden Communities’’. In: eSharp - Special Issue: Critical Issues in Researching Hidden Communities. Glasgow: University of Glasgow; 1 - 9.
Youth Offending and Youth Justice
Barry, M. and McNeill, F. (2009) Briefing 2009 02 Youth Offending and Youth Justice. SCCJR
Youth Offending and Youth Justice
Barry, M. and McNeill, F. (eds) (2009) Youth Offending and Youth Justice. Series: Research highlights. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Evaluation of the National Parenting Development Project
Burgess, C. and Malloch, M. (2008), 'Evaluation of the National Parenting Development Project', SCCJR Researh Report, No; 02/2008
Running Other Choices. An Evaluation of the ROC Refuge
Malloch, M. (2006) Running – Other Choices. An Evaluation of the ROC Refuge, Stirling: Aberlour Trust.
Evaluation of the Airdrie Sheriff Youth Court Pilot
McIvor, G, Barnsdale, L, Brown, A, Eley, S, Macrae, R, Malloch, M, Murray, C, Murray, L, Piacentini, L, Popham, F and Walters, R (2006) 'Evaluation of the Airdrie sheriff youth court pilot.' Scottish Executive Social Research, Edinburgh.
Evaluation of the 218 Centre
Loucks, N., Malloch, M., McIvor, G. and Gelsthorpe, L. (2006), Evaluation of the 218 Centre, Scottish Executive.
Evaluation of the Airdrie and Hamilton Youth Court Pilots
McIvor, G, Barnsdale, L, Brown, A, Dunlop, S, Eley, S, Macrae, R, Malloch, M, Murray, C, Murray, L, Piacentini, L, Popham, F & Walters, R (2006) 'Evaluation of the Airdrie and Hamilton youth court pilots.' Scottish Executive Social Research, Edinburgh.
Secure Accommodation in Scotland : Its Role and Relationship with ‘Alternative’ Services
Walker, M., Barclay, A., Hunter, L., Kendrick, A., Malloch, M., Hill, M. and McIvor, G. (2006), Secure Accommodation in Scotland : Its Role and Relationship with 'Alternative' Services. Scottish Executive.
Developments in Social Work with Offenders
McIvor, G. and Raynor, P. (2007) Developments in Social Work with Offenders (Series: Research Highlights in Social Work 48). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Crime and Social Change in Middle England: Questions of Order in an English Town
Girling, E., Loader, I. and Sparks, R. (1999) Crime and Social Change in Middle England: Questions of Order in an English Town. London: Routledge.
How to Reduce Youth Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour by Going Round in Circles
Mackenzie, S. (2008) How to Reduce Youth Crime and Anti-social Behaviour by Going Round in Circles. Discussion Paper. Institute for Public Policy Research.
The outcomes of secure care in Scotland
Kendrick, A., Walker, M., Barclay, A., Hunter, L., Malloch, M., Hill, M. and McIvor, G. (2008) Scottish Journal of Residential Child Care, 7(1), 1-13.
Research and Practice in Risk Assessment and Risk Management of Children and Young People Engaging in Offending Behaviour
Burman, M.J., Armstrong, S., Batchelor, S., McNeill, F., and Nicholson, J. (2007), Research and Practice in Risk Assessment and Risk Management of Children and Young People Engaging in Offending Behaviour. RMA Scotland.
The End of an Era? Youth Justice in Scotland
Burman, M., Bradshaw, P., Hutton, N., McNeill, F., and Munro, M. (2006) The End of an Era? Youth Justice in Scotland. In: J. Junger-Tas and H.D. Scott (eds) International Handbook of Juvenile Justice. Dordrecht: Springer; 435 - 467.
Community Supervision: Context and Relationships Matter
McNeill, F. (2006) 'Community Supervision: Context and Relationships Matter. In: B. Goldson and J. Muncie (eds) Youth Crime and Justice: Critical Issues. London: Sage; 125 - 138.
Weaver, B. and McNeill, F. (2007) 'Desistance'. In: B. Godson (ed) Dictionary of Youth Justice. Cullompton, Devon: Willan Publishing; 132 - 134.
Young People’s Street Drinking Behaviour:Investigating the Influence of Marketing & Subculture
Galloway, J., Forsyth, A. J. M. & Shewan, D. (2007) On-line report - Young People’s Street Drinking Behaviour: Investigating the Influence of Marketing & Subculture. London: Alcohol Education Research Council.
A Scoping Study of Services for Young Runaways for 1 in 9: Scottish Coalition for Young Runaways
Malloch, M. and Burgess, C. (2007) A Scoping Study of Services for Young Runaways, for the 1 in 9: Scottish Coalition for Young Runaways, Stirling: Aberlour Child Care Trust and Scottish Coalition.
More haste, less speed? An Evaluation of Fast Track policies to tackle persistent offending Scotland
Hil, M., Walker, M., Moodie, K., Wallace, B., Khan, F., McIvor, G. and Kendrick, A., (2007), More haste, less speed? An evaluation of fast track policies to tackle persistent youth offending in Scotland. Youth Justice Vol 7, No. 2, pp. 121-138.
Youth justice? The impact of system contact on patterns of desistance from offending
McAra, L., and McVie, S., (2007), 'Youth Justice? The Impact of System Contact on Patterns of Desistance from Offending'. European Journal of Criminology 4 (3) 315-345.
No Way Out?
McAra, L., and McVie, S., (2007), 'No Way Out?'. Children in Scotland 73: 8-9
Sample Safeguarding Exercise: The Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime Technical Report No. 4.
McVie, S., McAra, L., and Palmer, J., (2007), 'Sample Safeguarding Exercise', University of Edinburgh.
Criminal Justice Transitions: Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime, Research Digest No. 14.
McAra, L., and McVie, S., (2007), 'Criminal Justice Transitions', University of Edinburgh.