Violence, Drugs and Alcohol
Violence is a form of crime which is often, but not necessarily, related to drugs and alcohol misuse. SCCJR’s research on this topic includes work on youth gangs, young women and violence, rape and sexual abuse, alcohol misuse and domestic abuse, and drinking and drug use in the community.
Major new violence reduction research project launched
12th July 2021
Scotland once had the unenviable position of being the most violent country in the developed world until an innovative public health approach brought radical reductions in violent crimes in the last decade. Though territorial gangs once dominated headlines about Glasgow, today youth violence has reduced significantly. While the Violence Reduction...
SCCJR to carry out major new project on repeat violence victimisation in Scotland
1st November 2019
SCCJR has been commissioned to work on a major new report on repeat victimisation of violence by the Scottish Government. The extensive 16-month research project will be led by Dr Susan Batchelor and assisted by Dr Caitlin Gormley as the main researcher, along with Dr Marguerite Schinkel who will conduct a secondary analysis of her Lives Sentenced...
Major new report takes stock of violence in Scotland
17th September 2019
Researchers based at the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research have published a major new report which consolidates existing knowledge on violence in Scotland. A wealth of research has been conducted in Scotland over the last decade which has been essential in helping us understand violent offending in this country, but this is the first...
BBC Radio 3 to feature Alistair Fraser’s ‘Hard Man in the Call Centre’ Essay
19th June 2019
SCCJR’s Alistair Fraser will feature on BBC Radio 3’s The Essay programme on Friday evening (21 June). Recorded with an audience at the York Festival of Ideas his essay, Hard Man in the Call Centre’ traces the story of Glasgow’s unpredictable tough guy, schooled in both fist and knife, a symbol of the city’s...
Graphic Novel Brings Life to Prison Sentences
30th April 2019
A NEW graphic novel aims to bring life to a Scottish woman’s story of trauma, substance abuse and prison. ‘A Life in Pieces’ is the work of Dr Marguerite Schinkel, a lecturer in Sociology based at the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research, University of Glasgow and illustrator Morag Kewell, and follows the story of ‘Alison’ as...
Community’s Most Vulnerable Exploited by Serious Organised Crime Groups
4th June 2018
The changing face of serious organised crime, its impact in communities and the potential for local services to prevent exploitation, have been highlighted in new research. The 18-month study, which looked at serious organised crime (SOC) with deep roots in specific areas, as well as more ‘mobile’ forms of SOC, was published today (Mon 4 June)
What kind of services would help Scotland’s older drug users?
26th August 2016
The needs of older high-risk drug users are highlighted in a new report by the SCCJR’s Dr Colin Atkinson, who has reviewed the literature on service responses to this distinct group. Dr Atkinson’s report looks at academic research from around the world, with the aim of informing planning and policy for Scotland’s older drug-using population. The demographic of drug users in Scotland...
We’re hiring! University of Stirling seeks Lecturer in Criminology
18th July 2016
Fancy joining the SCCJR? The University of Stirling is seeking to appoint a full-time Lecturer in Criminology to work in collaboration with the new Salvation Army Centre for Addiction Services and Research. The successful candidate will have teaching and research interests in the area of addictions, and a strong commitment to education and research in criminology. The new lecturer will be an...
Rehabilitation Work by Hannah Graham: ‘A truly remarkable achievement’
13th June 2016
A new book by SCCJR and University of Stirling criminologist Dr Hannah Graham has been hailed as “a truly remarkable achievement” and an “important contribution to the recovery and desistance literature”. Rehabilitation Work: Supporting Desistance and Recovery reveals compelling differences between official and institutional accounts of rehabilitation work, and the...
Scottish Community Safety Network
1st November 2012
Scottish Community Safety Network SCCJR works with the Scottish Community Safety Network to ensure that up to date thinking and evidence on crime and justice issues is shared with network members and that the work of our academics is informed by the concerns and experiences of network members.
Alcohol, Glass and Violence (Alasdair Forsyth)
30th October 2012
Alcohol, Glass and Violence (Alasdair Forsyth) Alasdair Forsyth has conducted a range of research projects focusing on the links between alcohol-related glass, and its role in increasing the severity of violence, and in other forms of anti-social behaviour or injury risk. This initially involved an exploration of the impact of introducing drinking vessels manufactured in mediums other than...
A new survey backs up the Reading the Riots findings that adversarial police tactics risk the legitimacy of legal authorities
15th December 2011
New SCCJR Research Report No.05/2011
1st December 2011
Interventions for Drug Users in the Criminal Justice System: Scottish Review The purpose of this review was to examine the available research evidence on criminal justice interventions in Scotland in terms of „effectiveness‟, (measured by rates of reconviction/reoffending, and reductions in drug use) and costs. The review also recognises the current policy emphasis on...
Young People and Male Violence Against Women
25th May 2010
SCCJR associate Nancy Lombard presented about her research about 11-12 year olds and their attitudes about male violence against women at a seminar held at Stirling University on the 25 May 2010. The slides from her presentation are available here. For details about Nancy’s research interests see http://www.sccjr.ac.uk/associates/Ms-Nancy-Lombard/299...
Alasdair Forsyth in The New Scientist on drug-related moral panics
30th April 2010
SCCJR’s Alasdair Forsyth was recently interviewed for an article about methodrone in the New Scientist about his work ondrug related moral panics. Alasdair’s 10-year review of drug deaths in Scotland was reported, which showed that the chances of newspapers reporting a death from an overdose of paracetamol (acetaminophen) was 1 in …250, a death from amphetamine was 1...
Fergus McNeill discusses Knife Crime on Good Morning Scotland (Wed 10 March 2010)
10th March 2010
SCCJR’s Fergus McNeill discussed kniife crime and crime statistics on Good Morning Scotland on Wednesday 10th March. This discussion can be heard again until 17 March by clicking here. To hear the discussion on Knife Crime move the time to 1:49.50.
Public Health, Youth & Violence Reduction
The study responds to the urgent social problem of rising youth violence. England and Wales have seen marked increases in homicide, knife crime, and hospital admissions for stab-wounds, with particular concentrations in the city of London. In recent years the ‘public health’ approach to violence reduction has gained increasing currency, most recently in the funding of 18 new regional Violence...
Understanding Repeat Violent Victimisation in Scotland
This research seeks to improve understanding about repeat violence victimisation (RVV) in Scotland, adopting a qualitative methodology that explores the views and experiences of people with lived experience of RVV, particularly those living in deprived neighbourhoods. Research aims and objectives The aims of developing the evidence base on RVV, set out in the research specification, are...
Reconviction among Drug Court participants
The aim of the project was to assess whether the pilot drug courts had successful in bringing about reductions in re-offending by comparing drug court reconviction rates with reconviction rates among similar offenders sentenced elsewhere. The analysis compared recidivism among drug court participants sentenced over a period of 4 years with reconviction among offenders given DTTOs in Glasgow and...
Reconviction among young people sentenced in the pilot Youth Courts
This project was to assess whether the pilot Youth Courts were more effective in bringing about reductions in recidivism, reconviction among Youth Court cases was compared with reconviction among three other groups of cases: those sentenced in the sheriff summary court and those sentenced in two comparator Sheriff Summary Courts over a similar period of time. The work was requested by the...
Learning about alcohol: Influences of family context
This project is due for completion in 2010, and was funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Alasdair Forsyth is a co-applicant along with Derek Heim of Central Lancashire University, principle investigators being Oona Brookes, Douglas Eadie, Susan MacAskill and Sam Punch of the University of Stirling. The project built upon a previous study, in which Alasdair was an advisor, and in this he...
Youth Violence in Scotland
In November 2009, SCCJR were commissioned by the Scottish Government to identify and collate available qualitative and quantitative research data and information about youth violence in Scotland. The review draws on available sources of data from administrative sources (recorded crime, criminal proceedings, school exclusions, referrals to the Children’s Hearings System) and from the...
Audit of a sample of alcohol outlets in Glasgow
This project was conducted in collaboration with Anne Ellaway and Laura MacDonald of the MRC Public Health Sciences Unit at the University of Glasgow. This built on a previous collaboration examining the spatial distribution of alcohol outlets in Glasgow, and used digital photography to make a visual record of the exterior of each off-sales premises in the city during one week in October 2009,...
A Rapid Evidence Assessment of the Drivers of Perception of Anti-Social Behaviour
This rapid evidence assessment was requested and funded by the Home Office in 2009. Non-SCCJR colleagues John Flint and Sadie Parr were also members of the project team. The report is available here...
User Views of Punishment
Sarah Armstrong (Glasgow University) and Beth Weaver (Strathclyde University) conducted research, in cooperation with the Scottish Prison Service, into the experience of doing short prison sentences and community-based sentences (probation, community service). We explored what those affected by these punishments are going through and how such sentences help or hinder the ability to reduce...
Alcohol Misuse and Domestic Abuse
This study was commissioned by former NHS Argyll & Clyde Alcohol and Drug Action Team to explore current research and practice in relation to domestic abuse and alcohol misuse, in order to assist development of an alcohol counselling component of an integrated service for working with male victims and perpetrators of domestic abuse in Inverclyde. A final report was submitted in July...
Pathways to Recovery Seminar Series
Margaret Malloch and Rowdy Yates (Scottish Addiction Studies) Pathways to Recovery is a unique series of seminars bringing some of the leading figures in the addiction field to debate the issue of "recovery" – what does recovery mean; can recovery be achieved; and if so, how? Over a six-month period in 2008, Pathways to Recovery will bring together practitioners, academics...
Drinking and Drug Use in the Community: A Survey of Young Offenders, 2007
This project was conducted in collaboration with Bill McKinlay, the Governor of HMP Barlinnie, and staff at Polmont YOI. Data collection builds upon similar surveys conducted by Bill during 1979 and 1996. The Scottish Prison Service published the report of the project in 2009. To view details and download the final report click here.
Taking Stock of Violence in Scotland
Published: September 2019
Approaches to violence prevention have also developed apace over the same period, with increasing acknowledgement of some of the structural inequalities and inequities that shape meanings and experiences of violence. However, there is still work to be done. Whilst many neighbourhoods in Scotland have experienced an overall decline in crime, particular neighbourhoods and communities remain...
“I’m there to play music not break up fights”: gigging entertainers’ experiences of alcohol-related misbehaviour by audiences and its impact on performance
Forsyth, A., Lennox, J.C. and Cloonan, M. (2016). ‘”I'm there to play music not break up fights”: gigging entertainers’ experiences of alcohol-related misbehaviour by audiences and its impact on performance’. Popular Music, 35, pp 245-264. DOI:10.1017/S0261143016000088.
Interventions for Drug Users in the Criminal Justice System: Scottish Review
Malloch, M. (2011), Interventions for Drug Users in the Criminal Justice System, SCCJR Research Report, No.05/2011.
The impact of drug-related death on staff who have experienced it as part of their caseload: An exploratory study
Mcauley, A. and Forsyth, A.J. (2010), The impact of drug-related death on staff who have experienced it as part of their caseload: An exploratory study. Journal of Substance Use, Informa Healthcare, Vol. 16, No. 1 , Pages 68-78.
Pre-teens learning about alcohol: drinking and family contexts
Eadie, D., MacAskill, S., Brooks, O., Heim, D., Forsyth, A. and Punch, S.(2010), Pre-teens learning about alcohol: drinking and family contexts. JRF.
The use of off-trade glass as a weapon in violent assaults by Young Offenders
Forsyth, A. J. M., Khan, F. & McKinlay, W. (2010), The use of off-trade glass as a weapon in violent assaults by Young Offenders, Crime Prevention and Community Safety, 2010, 12 (4).
‘Glassing’ – the invisible danger
Forsyth, A. J. M., (2010), 'Glassing' - the invisible danger; Injury prevention, Vol 16, supplement 1, A4. 10.1136/ip.2010.029215.014
Drug Courts: Lessons from the UK and Beyond
McIvor, G. (2010) 'Drug Courts: Lessons from the UK and Beyond'. In A. Hucklesby and E. Wincup (eds) Drug Interventions in Criminal Justice. Maidenhead: Open University Press; 135 - 160.
Book Review: A History of Drugs by T. Seddon
McIvor, G. (2010), Review; 'A History of Drugs. By Toby Seddon', (Abingdon: Routledge, 2010,), In:British Journal of Criminol (2010) 50(5): 994-997.
Troublesome Youth Groups, Gangs and Knife Carrying in Scotland
Bannister, J., Pickering, J,, Batchelor, S., Burman, M., Kintrea, K., and McVie, S. (2010) Troublesome Youth Groups, Gangs and Knife Carrying in Scotland. Project Report. Scottish Government.
Gang Membership and Knife Carrying: Findings from The Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime
McVie., S., (2010), Gang Membership and Knife Carrying: Findings from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime. Scottish Government.
Reconviction Among Drug Court Participants
McIvor, G. (2010) Reconviction Among Drug Court Participants, in Review of the Glasgow and Fife Drug Courts: Report, Edinburgh: Scottish Government Community Justice Services.
Reconviction Among youth Court and Comparison Cases
McIvor, G. (2010) Reconviction Among youth Court and Comparison Cases, in Review of the Hamilton and Airdrie Youth Courts: Report, Edinburgh: Scottish Government Community Justice Services.
Tackling Addiction: Pathways to Recovery
Yates, R. and Malloch, M.S. (2012) Tackling Addiction: Pathways to Recovery. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Gritos de cerveza, cerveza: el rol de la musica y de los DJs en el control del desorden en los clubes nocturnes [Lager, lager shouting: The role of Music and DJs in Nightclub Disorder
Forsyth A. J. M. (2009) ‘Gritos de cerveza, cerveza’: el rol de la música y de los DJs en el control del desorden en los clubes nocturnes [‘Lager, lager shouting’: The role of Music and DJs in Nightclub Disorder.] Addiciones, 21: 4, 327 - 345
Girls, gangs and violence: Assessing the evidence
Batchelor, S. (2009) Girls, gangs and violence: assessing the evidence.Probation Journal, 56 (4). pp. 399-414. ISSN 0264-5505 (doi:10.1177/0264550509346501)
Evidencing sexual assault: Women in the witness box
Burman, M.J. (2009) Evidencing sexual assault: women in the witness box.Probation Journal, 56 (4). pp. 379-398.
Anti-social behaviour in British cities
Millie, A. (2008) ‘Anti-social behaviour in British cities’, Geography Compass, 2(5) 1681-1696.
The socio-spatial distribution of alcohol outlets in Glasgow city
Ellaway, A., Macdonald, L., Forsyth, A. and Macintyre, S. (2009), The socio-spatialdistribution of alcoholoutlets in Glasgow City. Health & Place, 16 (2010), pp. 167–172
Front, side, and back-loading: Patrons’ rationales for consuming alcohol
Forsyth, A. J. M. (2009) Front, Side and Back-loading: Reasons for drinking alcohol purchased off-premises before during and after attending nightclubs. Journal of Substance Use. DOI: 10.1080/14659890902966497.
Gender differences in the choreography of alcohol-related violence: An observational study of aggression within licensed premises
Forsyth, A. J. M.; Lennox, J. C. (2010) Gender differences in the choreography of alcohol-related violence: An observational study of aggression within licensed premises. Journal of Substance Use, Vol 15(2), 75-88.
Therapeutic jurisprudence and procedural justice in Scottish drug courts
McIvor, G. (2009)‘Therapeutic jurisprudence and procedural justice in Scottish Drug Courts’, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 9, 1, 5-25.
The nature and extent of Illegal Drug and Alcohol-related Litter in a Scottish Social Housing Community: A photographic investigation.
Forsyth A. J. M. & Davidson, N. (2009) ‘The nature and extent of Illegal Drug and Alcohol-related Litter in a Scottish Social Housing Community: A photographic investigation’. Addiction Research & Theory.
Alcohol and Violence among Young Male Offenders in Scotland (1979 ‐ 2009)
McKinlay, W., Forsyth, A. J. M. & Khan, F. (2009) Alcohol and Violence among Young Male Offenders in Scotland. SPS Occasional Paper No. 1 / 09. Edinburgh: Scottish Prison Service.
Changing Focus: ‘Drug-related Crime’ and the Criminological Imagination
Malloch, M. (2006) ‘Changing Focus: ‘Drug-related Crime’ and the Criminological Imagination’. In: A. Barton, K. Corteen, D. Scott and D. Whyte (eds) Expanding the Criminological Imagination., Cullompten: Willan Publishing; 116 - 125.
The Operation and Effectiveness of the Scottish Drug Court Pilots
McIvor, G., Barnsdale, L., Eley, S., Malloch, M., Yates, R. and Brown, A. (2006), The Operation and Effectiveness of the Scottish Drug Court Pilots. Scottish Executive.
Crime and Social Change in Middle England: Questions of Order in an English Town
Girling, E., Loader, I. and Sparks, R. (1999) Crime and Social Change in Middle England: Questions of Order in an English Town. London: Routledge.
Passing The Buck? Are local licensed grocers to blame for alcohol-related incivility in residential communities?
Forsyth, A.J.M., and Davidson, N. (2008) "Passing The Buck? Are local licensed grocers to blame for alcohol-related incivility in residential communities" Scottish Journal of Criminal Justice Studies 12 (2008): 63-95.
Alco-pop? The Use of Popular Music in Glasgow Pubs
Forsyth, A. J. M. & Cloonan, M. (2008) Alco-pop?: The Use of Popular Music in Glasgow Pubs. Popular Music and Society, 31: 1, 57 – 78.
An Investigation into the environmental impact of off-licensed premises on residential neighbourhoods
Forsyth, A. J. M., Davidson, N. & Lennox, J. L. (2007) An Investigation into the environmental impact of off-licensed premises on residential neighbourhoods. London: Alcohol Education Research Council.
Book Review: Youth Drinking Cultures: European Experiences by M. Jarvinen and R. Room (eds)
Alasdair J.M.F., (2008), 'Book Review: Youth Drinking Cultures: European Experiences by M. Jarvinen and R. Room (eds)', Probation Journal 55.4 (2008): 411-413.
Assessing the validity of recent estimates of problematic drug use in England
Frisher, F. & Forsyth, A. J. M. (2009) Assessing the validity of recent estimates of problematic drug use in England. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 63: 1, 87-88.
Responding to Drug and Alcohol Problems: Innovations and Effectiveness in Treatment Programmes for Women
Malloch, M. and Loucks, N. (2007) 'Responding to Drug and Alcohol Problems: Innovations and Effectiveness in Treatment Programmes for Women'. In: R. Sheehan, G. McIvor and C. Trotter (eds) What Works with Women Offenders. Cullompton, Devon: Willan; 91 - 109.
Young People’s Street Drinking Behaviour:Investigating the Influence of Marketing & Subculture
Galloway, J., Forsyth, A. J. M. & Shewan, D. (2007) On-line report - Young People’s Street Drinking Behaviour: Investigating the Influence of Marketing & Subculture. London: Alcohol Education Research Council.
Assessing the relationships between late night drinks marketing and alcohol-related disorder in public space
Forsyth, A. J. M. (2006) On-line report - Assessing the relationships between late night drinks marketing and alcohol-related disorder in public space. London: Alcohol Education Research Council.