Crimes of the Powerful: organised, white collar and state crime
Organised crime involves groups or operations run by criminals. Organised crime is commonly motivated by a desire to generate money, and includes activities such as drugs-trafficking, trafficking in people, extortion and kidnapping for profit. The term also refers to highly organised groups involved in activities motivated by political rather than monetary gain, such as terrorism. White-collar crime is “a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation” (Sutherland, E., 1949,White Collar Crime). Our work on this topic includes working on intervention strategies to prevent organised crime and we are currently working closely with the Scottish Crime and Drug Enforcement Agency (SCDEA) on organised crime prevention.
Dr Niall Hamilton-Smith
Associate Director, SCCJR
Senior Lecturer in Criminology
University of Stirling
Dr Alistair Fraser
Associate Director (Internationalisation), SCCJR
Senior Lecturer in Criminology and Sociology
University of Glasgow
Donna Yates joins culture summit debate
24th August 2016
Dr Donna Yates joined an expert panel for a radio discussion about cultural heritage to coincide with Edinburgh International Culture Summit. Dr Yates, an expert in the field of art crime and antiquities trafficking, took part in a Newshour debate titled What’s The Cost of Preserving the Past? You can listen to the discussion here. She was joined by Dr Maamoun Abdulkarim, Director...
Trafficking Culture researchers join landmark UNESCO round table in Paris
4th April 2016
Researchers from the Trafficking Culture team have participated in a UNESCO round table event in Paris on the illicit trafficking of cultural property. Dr Donna Yates, Dr Neil Brodie and Dr Christos Tsirogiannis joined the discussion about what can be done to restrict the movement of stolen cultural items now and in the immediate future. After the round table Dr Yates spoke to Janie...
Donna Yates talks to the media about major museum thefts
1st March 2016
Dr Donna Yates was interviewed for Radio 4’s Today programme and STV news after 14 members of organised crime gangs were convicted of stealing artefacts from museums worth nearly £60m. She told John Humphrys it was clear there was a large market in China for illicit antiquities – specifically, rhinoceros horn and small but very valuable Chinese antiquities – and that those...
Donna Yates talks Trafficking Culture in post-earthquake Nepal
8th July 2015
Picture: Donna Yates Dr Donna Yates will present an overview of the work of the Trafficking Culture team in Nepal next week, during a 10-day visit to observe heritage site security measures following the country’s April earthquake. Dr Yates will speak on ‘Stolen Gods: Criminological Approaches to the Illicit Trade in Antiquities from the Trafficking Culture Project’ at...
Trafficking Culture in the News
30th April 2015
The work of SCCJR Research Assistant Christos Tsirogiannis has received extensive press coverage after The Scotsman reported on auction house Christie’s withdrawing auction lots for sales amid concerns about links to organised crime. Christos, who is a member of the Trafficking Culture team, described how he discovered four Christie’s lots...
Watch video clip about counterfeiting and intellectual propery crime research
15th July 2010
SCCJR’s Simon Mackenzie talks about his work in this research soundbite, click here to watch. In it he discusses that corporate negative externalities occur when corporations place some of the costs of their profit-seeking activity onto society. The research he discusses suggests that the current global problem of intellectual property crime is such an externality, and that it has not...
SCCJRs Simon Mackenzie to speak at UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders
15th March 2010
Simon Mackenzie has been invited by the International Scientific and Professional Advisory Council of the UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme to speak at a workshop at the 12th UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders in Brazil in April 2010. The workshop is called ‘Protecting cultural property: the state of the art’ and Simon...
A Systematic Review of Police Interventions against Serious Organised Crime
This research project is being undertaken as one of the work packages included in a series coordinated by the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction (WWCCR), hosted by the UK College of Policing. It focuses on the extent to which law enforcement disruption interventions effective in reducing the level of threat and harm posed by organised crime groups and networks. Specifically, this research...
Public procurement processes and resillience against infiltration of organized crime
Ongoing. A collaborative project being undertaken with the Scottish Crime and Drug Enforcment Agency with the support of the Scottish Government...
Policing organised crime: effectively measuring performance
SCCJR was commissioned by the Scottish Crime and Drug Enforcement Agency (SCDEA) to help them review their existing performance indicators. This included a review of different models for measuring performance used in other public sector agencies. The work was undertaken in 2009, and the recommendations coming out of the work were adopted by the Agency and written into their business plan.
The International Market in Illicit Antiquities
Simon Mackenzie has conducted two empirical research projects into looted antiquities to date. The first was a study of the regulatory structure which governs the international market, coupled with a focus on dealers and their role in creating and sustaining demand for illicit artefacts (2001-2004). Output from this study can be found in several journal articles as well as in the book Going,...
Organised Crime Mapping Project
Simon Mackenzie and Niall Hamilton-Smith worked in collaboration with the Scottish Government and the Scottish Crime and Drug Enforcement Agency to review evidence on the effectiveness of existing techniques for assessing the threat posed by organised crime, and to develop a new Scottish tool for assessing the threat posed by organised crime groups in Scotland. The work ran from 2008 to 2009 and...
Community experiences of serious organised crime: Summary findings
Published: June 2018
This research was commissioned by the Scottish Government to explore the community experiences of serious organised crime ( SOC) in Scotland. The study sought to provide, for the first time, focused qualitative research on the lived experiences of residents who have an awareness of SOC in their communities and may have been affected by it, directly or indirectly. The research was led by the...
Trafficking Cultural Objects and Human Rights
Published: February 2017
Mackenzie, S. and Yates, D. (2016), ‘Trafficking Cultural Objects and Human Rights’, in L. Weber, E. Fishwick and M. Marmo (eds), The Routledge Handbook of Criminology and Human Rights (London: Routledge)
Collectors on illicit collecting: higher loyalties and other techniques of neutralization in the unlawful collecting of rare and precious orchids and antiquities
Mackenzie, S. and Yates, D. (2015) Collectors on illicit collecting: higher loyalties and other techniques of neutralization in the unlawful collecting of rare and precious orchids and antiquities. Theoretical Criminology. doi: 10.1177/1362480615607625. Online First: http://tcr.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/11/09/1362480615607625.abstract
Museums, collectors, and value manipulation: tax fraud through donation of antiquities
Yates, D. (2015) 'Museums, collectors, and value manipulation: tax fraud through donation of antiquities', Journal of Financial Crime, Vol. 23 No. 1
Do we need a Kimberley Process for the Illicit Antiquities Trade?
Mackenzie, S. (2015), 'Do we need a Kimberley Process for the Illicit Antiquities Trade?', Countering Illicit Traffic in Cultural Goods: The Global Challenge of Protecting the World’s Heritage, Paris: International Council of Museums, pp.151-162
The Internet Market in Antiquities
Brodie, N. (2015), 'The Internet Market in Antiquities', Countering Illicit Traffic in Cultural Goods: The Global Challenge of Protecting the World’s Heritage, Paris: International Council of Museums, pp.11-20
Illicit Cultural Property from Latin America: Looting, Trafficking and Sale
Yates, D. (2015), 'Illicit Cultural Property from Latin America: Looting, Trafficking and Sale', Countering Illicit Traffic in Cultural Goods: The Global Challenge of Protecting the World’s Heritage, Paris: International Council of Museums, pp.33-46
Value and doubt: the persuasive power of ‘authenticity’ in the antiquities market
Yates, D. (2015) Value and doubt: the persuasive power of 'authenticity' in the antiquities market. PARSE: Platform for Artistic Work Sweden 2: pp.71–84.
Organised Crime in Scotland
Cavanagh, B., Hamilton-Smith, N. and Mackenzie, S. (2015), ‘Organised Crime in Scotland’, in Croall, H., Mooney, G. and Munro, M. (eds) Crime, Justice and Society in Scotland. Routledge
‘A Fracture in Time’: a cup attributed to the Euaion painter from the Bothmer Collection
Tsirogiannis, C., and Gill, D. W.J. (2014) ‘A Fracture in Time’: a cup attributed to the Euaion painter from the Bothmer Collection. International Journal of Cultural Property, 21 (4). pp. 465-480. (doi:10.1017/S0940739114000289).
Measuring Police Impact on Organised Crime: Performance Management and Harm Reduction
Mackenzie, S., and Hamilton-Smith, N. (2011) Measuring police impact on organised crime: performance management and harm reduction.Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, 34 (1). pp. 7-30. ISSN 1363-951X
The Geometry of Shadows: a Critical Review of Organised Crime Risk Assessments
Hamilton-Smith, L.N. and Mackenzie, S. (2010),‘The Geometry of Shadows: A critical review of organised crime risk assessments’, Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy, Vol. 23, No.3, pp. 257-279.
Determining identity and nationality in local policing
Hamilton-Smith, L.N. and Patel, S. (2010), Determining identity and nationality in local policing, Home Office Research Report No. 42.
Counterfeiting as Corporate Externality: Intellectual Property Crime and Global Insecurity
Mackenzie, S. (2010) Counterfeiting as corporate externality : intellectual property crime and global insecurity.Crime, Law and Social Change, 54 (1). pp. 21-38. ISSN 1573-0751 (doi:10.1007/s10611-010-9246-5)
Information Resources on Organised Crime
Benson, K. and Lightowler, C. (2010), Information Resources on Organised Crime. SCCJR.
Girls, gangs and violence: Assessing the evidence
Batchelor, S. (2009) Girls, gangs and violence: assessing the evidence.Probation Journal, 56 (4). pp. 399-414. ISSN 0264-5505 (doi:10.1177/0264550509346501)
Protection against trafficking in cultural property
Mackenzie, S.M. (2009) Protection Against Trafficking In Cultural Property [Research Report]. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
Public Space CCTV in Scotland: Results of a National Survey of Scotland’s Local Authorities
Bannister, J., Mackenzie, S., and Norris, P (2009) Public Space CCTV in Scotland: Results of a National Survey of Scotland’s Local Authorities. Project Report. SCCJR Research Report No. 03/2009.
Identifying and Preventing Opportunities for Organised Crime in the International Antiquities Market
Mackenzie, S. (2009) 'Identifying and Preventing Opportunities for Organised Crime in the International Antiquities Market'. In: S. Manacorda (ed) Organised Crime in Art and Antiquities. Milan: CNPDS/ISPAC; 41 - 62.
Second-chance Punitivism and the Contractual Governance of Crime and Incivility: New Labour, Old Hobbes
Mackenzie, S. (2008) Second-chance punitivism and the contractual governance of crime and incivility: New Labour, old Hobbes.Journal of Law and Society, 35 (2). pp. 214-239. ISSN 0263-323X (doi:10.1111/j.1467-6478.2008.00436.x).
Performative Regulation: a Case Study in How Powerful People Avoid Criminal Labels
Mackenzie, S., and Green, P. (2008) Performative regulation: a case study in how powerful people avoid criminal labels.British Journal of Criminology, 48 (2). pp. 138-153. ISSN 0007-0955.
Transnational Crime, Local Denial
Mackenzie, S (2007) Transnational Crime, Local Denial.Social Justice, 34 (2). pp. 111-123. ISSN 1043-1578.
Systematic Crimes of the Powerful: Criminal Aspects of the Global Economy’
Mackenzie, S (2006) Systematic Crimes of the Powerful: Criminal Aspects of the Global Economy.Social Justice, 33 (1). pp. 162-182. ISSN 1043-1578.
Psychosocial Balance Sheets: Illicit Purchase Decisions in the Antiquities Market
Mackenzie, S (2006) Psychosocial Balance Sheets: Illicit Purchase Decisions in the Antiquities Market.Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 18 (2). pp. 221-240. ISSN 1034-5329.
Situationally Edited Empathy: An Effect of Socio-Economic Structure on Individual Choice
Mackenzie, S. (2006) Situationally edited empathy: an effect of socio-economic structure on individual choice.Critical Criminology, 14 (4). pp. 365-385. ISSN 1205-8629 (doi:10.1007/s10612-006-9005-1)
Criminalising the Market in Illicit Antiquities: an Evaluation of the Dealing in Cultural Objects (Offences) Act 2003
Mackenzie, S. and Green, P. (2009), ‘Criminalising the Market in Illicit Antiquities: an Evaluation of the Dealing in Cultural Objects (Offences) Act 2003 in England and Wales’, in S. Mackenzie and P. Green (eds.), Criminology and Archaeology: Studies in Looted Antiquities (Oxford: Hart).
Dealing in Cultural Objects: a New Criminal Law for the UK
Mackenzie, S (2007) Dealing in Cultural Objects: a New Criminal Law for the UK.Amicus Curiae: the Society for Advanced Legal Studies, 71 (Autumn). pp. 8-13. ISSN 1461-2097.
Ordinary Anxieties and States of Emergency: Statecraft and Spectatorship in the New Politics of Insecurity
Sparks, R. (2006) 'Ordinary Anxieties and States of Emergency: Statecraft and Spectatorship in the New Politics of Insecurity'. In: L. McAra and S. Armstrong (eds) Perspectives on Punishment: The Contours of Control. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 31 - 47.