Evidence, Statistics and Trends
Across SCCJR we make use of existing data sets to explore trends and improve our understanding of crime and justice. We have particular methodological expertise in quantitative criminological research, developing statistical analysis and data modelling. Our work in this area includes analysis of prison statistics, modelling offending behaviour and analysing large data sets, such as the Scottish Crime and Justice Survey. We support the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime , a prospective longitudinal study of youth offending based at the University of Edinburgh and have been actively involved in auditing existing Scottish data sources, including the reviewing the Scottish Crime and Justice Survey.
Dr Niall Hamilton-Smith
Associate Director, SCCJR
Senior Lecturer in Criminology
University of Stirling
Community’s Most Vulnerable Exploited by Serious Organised Crime Groups
4th June 2018
The changing face of serious organised crime, its impact in communities and the potential for local services to prevent exploitation, have been highlighted in new research. The 18-month study, which looked at serious organised crime (SOC) with deep roots in specific areas, as well as more ‘mobile’ forms of SOC, was published today (Mon 4 June)
Victim-survivors of rape and sexual assault will inform new research from SCCJR.
23rd May 2018
Research into the experiences of rape and sexual assault victim-survivors will help ensure the interests of victims are at the heart of the criminal justice system. The Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research (SCCJR) project will seek to identify and understand the range of factors that affect whether individuals who experience rape and...
SCCJR gives oral evidence on Management of Offenders (Scotland) Bill
15th May 2018
On May 15th, the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research’s Dr Hannah Graham (University of Stirling) gave oral evidence to the Scottish Parliament’s Justice Committee on the Management of Offenders (Scotland) Bill. Others joining Hannah on the panel include: Liz Dougan, Partner, Brazenall and Orr Solicitors Leanne McQuillan,...
83% of British Transport Police Unsupportive of Merger with Police Scotland
21st February 2018
New research has found the majority (83%) of British Transport Police officers and staff in Scotland are either quite or very unsupportive of plans to integrate their division into Police Scotland. The findings come from the British Transport Police Leaving Home project which investigates the impact of integration on BTP D Division officers and...
Hate crime in Scotland is underreported, SCCJR report finds
28th September 2016
A new report for the SCCJR has found that levels of hate crime in Scotland are higher than official figures suggest, and called for more research to provide a clearer picture of the problem. SCCJR PhD student Maureen McBride has produced a Review of the Evidence on Hate Crime and Prejudice to support the work of the independent advisory group set up by the Scottish Government in 2015. She found...
Award nod for Dr Kath Murray recognises huge impact of stop-and-search work
11th May 2016
The SCCJR’s Dr Kath Murray has been shortlisted for a prestigious Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) prize for her agenda-setting work on police stop-and-search practices. The Economic and Social Research Council’s Celebrating Impact Prize recognises and rewards researchers whose work has made a real difference to society or the economy. Kath’s PhD research on stop...
AQMeN training events showcase Scottish crime data
15th March 2016
Two crime-related training events are to be staged this spring by AQMeN (the Applied Quantitative Methods Network), of which the SCCJR’s Professor Susan McVie is director. The first, Introduction to the Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey (SALSUS) time trends data, will take place on April 18 in the University of Edinburgh’s Appleton Tower. The...
SASO lecture: Where have all the young offenders gone?
26th October 2015
SCCJR PhD student Ben Matthews will deliver a public lecture next month titled ‘Where have all the young offenders gone?’ as part of the Scottish Association for the Study of Offending (SASO) series. The lecture, which is free and open to all, will take place on Tuesday November 3 at Edinburgh Sheriff Court in the city’s Chambers Street. Ben will draw on the findings from his...
Crime Statistics Published – Year to September 2013
24th January 2014
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) have today published the crime statistics release ‘Crime in England and Wales, year ending September 2013’ available on the ONS Crime and Justice webpage. Also published today are ‘police recorded crime open data’ broken down by Community Safety Partnership (CSP) area, police force area quarterly period and individual offence code, from 2002/03.
Ministry of Justice – Summary of Review on Quality in Probation Supervision now published
12th March 2012
The review looked at quality in relation to probation supervision in different countries, looking at how it is seen by both supervisors and service users. Please click to access Report...
A new survey backs up the Reading the Riots findings that adversarial police tactics risk the legitimacy of legal authorities
15th December 2011
Justice Analytical Services monthly bulletin November 2011
5th December 2011
Justice Analytical Services (JAS), Scottish Government, are producing a new monthly bulletin: ‘Monthly Safer Communities and Justice Brief”. The bulletin will provide facts and figures on a range of topics including: Crime, Policing, Drugs, Community Safety, Criminal and Civil Proceedings and Offender Management. This month’s feature is: ‘Results from the...
Fergus McNeill discusses Knife Crime on Good Morning Scotland (Wed 10 March 2010)
10th March 2010
SCCJR’s Fergus McNeill discussed kniife crime and crime statistics on Good Morning Scotland on Wednesday 10th March. This discussion can be heard again until 17 March by clicking here. To hear the discussion on Knife Crime move the time to 1:49.50.
Applied Quantitative Methods Network (AQMeN): Join the network
11th November 2009
The Applied Quantitative Methods Network (AQMeN) is a network of people who have a shared interest in quantitative methods and who wish to refresh their existing knowledge or learn a range of new skills. SCCJR’s Susan McVie is the director the AQMen and the Network is led by a group of academics from eight Scottish Universities. AQMen’s activities are aimed primarily at Scottish...
AQMeN is an ESRC funded network of around 1400 people with a shared interest in quantitative methods and who wish to refresh their existing knowledge or learn a range of new skills. The main aim of AQMeN is to build capacity in quantitative expertise amongst the social science community of Scotland. The Network is led by a group of academics from eight of the Scottish Universities and its...
Working Lunches at Ivy Lodge
Working Lunches are held from 12.30pm to 2pm on Wednesdays in the ASRF Meeting Room, 66 Oakfield Avenue, Glasgow. They provide an informal space in which to discuss research ideas, whether this comes from work in progress, work we are thinking about doing or a common reading. We welcome visitors and have a small budget to offset costs of travel for anyone seeking a forum in which to discuss...
Community Policing in Scotland
This AHRC funded knowledge transfer project runs from Jan 2009 to Dec 2011. It involves working with the Scottish police to interrogate available conceptual models of community policing and develop best practice in Scotland. The project has its own website at http://police.sccjr.ac.uk/ It involves a range of activities and outputs which will be posted to that site through the life of the project.
Comparing Crime Surveys Across the UK
The United Kingdom is covered by three separate crime surveys, the British Crime Survey (which covers England and Wales), the Scottish Crime and Justice Survey and the Northern Ireland Crime Survey. Although these surveys share common origins and have many similarities they have differences which reflect the nature of criminal justice processes and policy interests within the separate...
SCJS User Guide
SCCJR worked in partnership with the Scottish Government to create a “user guide” for researchers who wish to conduct secondary analysis of the Scottish Crime Survey datasets. This guide covered a range of topics, including how to access the data, how to find commonly used variables and how to weight the data prior to analysis. It also included examples of common types of...
Analysing the Scottish Crime Survey Over Time
This work examined how, in the absence of true longitudinal data, responses from different years of the Scottish Crime Survey can be combined to provide an insight into changing underlying patterns of victimisation or attitudes to the criminal justice system in Scotland. This research is currently focussed on the topic of whether changes in the amount of crime reported to the police are a...
Using the Scottish Offenders Index for Research
The Scottish Offenders Index (SOI) has not received the same level of academic interest as the Offenders Index for England and Wales. SCCJR has produced a report looking at what information is held in the SOI and the strengths and limitations of different statistical techniques that could be used to analyse these data. It is anticipated that this initial developmental work will form...
Families of Nations and Criminal Justice Outcomes
There is a long history within Social Policy of identifying groups of countries who share common policy outcomes (typified by the work of Gøsta Esping-Andersen, 1990, and Francis Castles, 1998). This work built on the recent work of Paul Norris (2007) by looking at how the groups of nations identified in other areas of Social Policy may relate to differences in criminal justice...
Scottish Prisons Commission Report
In July 2008, the Scottish Prisons Commission published its report, setting out an ambitious vision of penal reform. Sarah Armstrong and Fergus McNeill acted as academic advisers during the latter stages of the Commission’s work. The report, ‘Scotland’s Choice: Report of the Scottish Prisons Commission’, argued that a nation’s use of prison is partly an expression of...
Scoping Study into Quantitative Methods Capacity Building in Scotland
This scoping study was funded jointly by the Economic and Social Research Council and the Scottish Funding Council. The research was carried out in early 2007 by a multi-disciplinary team based at the University of Edinburgh, led by Susan McVie of the School of Law and SCCJR. The other co-applicants were Professor Anthony Coxon, Honorary Professorial Fellow in the School of Social & Political...
Metaphors in Policy
Metaphors are not merely ornamental, they fundamentally shape how we know things. The use of passive language and particular prepositions when discussing womens’ offending (see the report ‘Women Offenders: A Safer Way’), for example, is the deployment of a metaphor of women as victims. The metaphors used to describe integration of public sector activities, such as...
The Scottish Prisons Commission 10 Years On – A Briefing Paper
Published: July 2018
This briefing paper highlights the key issues that the Commission concerned itself with during its deliberations, quoting from its report and sketching how the landscape in these areas has developed since then. We hope it serves as a useful refresher for stimulating your participation at the conference on 29th June 2018. The presentations, lectures and discussion at this event will inform the...
SCCJR’s Written Submission on the Management of Offenders (Scotland) Bill
Published: April 2018
Dr Beth Weaver (University of Strathclyde) and Dr Hannah Graham (University of Stirling), Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research (SCCJR) provided written evidence to the Scottish Parliament’s Justice Committee who were taking evidence on the Management of Offenders (Scotland) Bill. Hannah also provided oral evidence which can be viewed here.
Employment and Employability in Scottish Prisons: A Research Briefing Paper, Feb 2018
Published: February 2018
Laura Piacentini, Beth Weaver and Cara Jardine, SCCJR School of Social Work & Social Policy, University of Strathclyde This research briefing paper provides an analysis of the limited research into employment and employability in prisons research. It was produced by Piacentini, Weaver and Jardine to inform discussions at an event held at the University of Strathclyde on 19th February,...
British Transport Police: Leaving Home Project: The impact of the transfer of BTP D Division into Police Scotland on officers and staff
Published: February 2018
In November 2014 the Smith Commission recommended that the functions of the BTP in Scotland should be a devolved matter. Responsibility for railway policing in Scotland subsequently passed from the British Transport Police Authority (BTPA) to the Scottish Police Authority (SPA) under the Railway Policing (Scotland) Act 2017. At the time of writing it is expected that railway policing in Scotland...
Annual Report 2016-17
Published: November 2017
The centre’s Annual Report contains snapshots and updates about our research projects in a diverse range of areas. Also included is information about the impact of our research, our training and development activity, work with the Scottish Government, public engagement and knowledge exchange activity, awards and media coverage. The section on our extensive PhD community includes full...
Justice, Civic Engagement and the Public Sphere: Mapping Democratic Transformations in Scottish Society
Published: June 2017
The high level of citizen engagement which marked the 2014 Referendum in Scotland was significant. 97 percent of the population were registered to vote, encouraged by the actions of local political activists and a registration awareness campaign. A turn-out of 84 percent appeared to represent a healthy indication of active citizenship and the re-emergence of democratic debate. This study set out...
A Review of the Evidence on Hate Crime and Prejudice: Report for the Independent Advisory Group on Hate Crime, Prejudice and Community Cohesion
Published: September 2016
McBride, M. (2016). A Review of the Evidence on Hate Crime and Prejudice: Report for the Independent Advisory Group on Hate Crime, Prejudice and Community Cohesion. SCCJR Research Report: 07/2016
Policing in Cool and Hot Climates: Legitimacy, Power and the Rise and Fall of Mass Stop and Search in Scotland
Murray, K. and Harkin, D. (2016) ‘Policing in Cool and Hot Climates: Legitimacy, Power and the Rise and Fall of Mass Stop and Search in Scotland’ in British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 26, No. 3
Domestic abuse, crime surveys and the fallacy of risk: Exploring partner and domestic abuse using the Scottish Crime and Justice Survey
MacQueen, S (2016) 'Domestic abuse, crime surveys and the fallacy of risk: Exploring partner and domestic abuse using the Scottish Crime and Justice Survey' in Criminology and Criminal Justice (advance online access) DOI: 10.1177/1748895816634410
Comparing trends in convictions and non-court disposals in Scotland
Matthews, B (2016) ‘Comparing trends in convictions and non-court disposals in Scotland’, Scottish Justice Matters, vol.4 no.1. p.11-12
Is Poverty Reflected in Changing Patterns of Victimisation in Scotland?
McVie, S., Norris, P. and Pillinger, R. (2015) Is Poverty Reflected in Changing Patterns of Victimisation in Scotland?, Scottish Justice Matters, vol.3 no.3. p.6-7
The Reproduction of Poverty
McAra, L. and McVie, S. (2015) The Reproduction of Poverty, Scottish Justice Matters, vol.3 no.3. p.4-5
Does Place Matter?
Bates, E. (2015) Does Place Matter?, Scottish Justice Matters, vol.3 no.3. p.9-10.
To legislate or not to legislate? Stop and search for alcohol for under-18s: a review of the evidence
Murray, K. (2015) To legislate or not to legislate? Stop and search for alcohol for under-18s: a review of the evidence. The Scottish Journal of Criminal Justice Studies, 21: 37-55. Available at: http://www.sastudyoffending.org.uk/attachments/article/171/2015.pdf
Has Scotland’s falling crime rate benefited everyone equally?
McVie, S., Norris, P. and Pillinger, R. (2015) ‘Has Scotland’s falling crime rate benefited everyone equally?’ Scottish Justice Matters: Policing in Scotland, June 2015.
Non-statutory stop and search in Scotland
Murray, K. (2014) 'Non-statutory stop and search in Scotland', SCCJR Briefing Paper 6/2014.
Summary of Review on quality in probation supervision
Shapland,J., Bottoms, A., Farrall, S., McNeill, F., Priede, C. and Robinson, G. (2012), Summary of Review on quality in probation supervision, Ministry of Justice.
The Quantification of Prison Population Projections
Armstrong, S. (2012), The Quantification of Fear Through Prison Population Projections. Available at Social Science Research Network.
User Guide: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey
MacQueen, S., McVie, S., Bradford, B., and Fohring, S., (2011), Scottish Crime and Justice Survey (2008/09) User Guide, Scottish Government.
Reconviction Among Drug Court Participants
McIvor, G. (2010) Reconviction Among Drug Court Participants, in Review of the Glasgow and Fife Drug Courts: Report, Edinburgh: Scottish Government Community Justice Services.
Reconviction Among youth Court and Comparison Cases
McIvor, G. (2010) Reconviction Among youth Court and Comparison Cases, in Review of the Hamilton and Airdrie Youth Courts: Report, Edinburgh: Scottish Government Community Justice Services.
Comparability of the Crime Surveys in the UK: A Comparison of Victimisation and Technical Details
Norris, P & Palmer, J., (2010), Comparability of the Crime Surveys in the UK: A Comparison of Victimisation and Technical Details. Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research.
Tackling Addiction: Pathways to Recovery
Yates, R. and Malloch, M.S. (2012) Tackling Addiction: Pathways to Recovery. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Influencing trust and confidence in the London Metropolitan Police: results from an experiment testing the effect of leaflet drops on public opinion
Hohl, K., Bradford, B. and Stanko, E. (2010).‘Influencing Trust and Confidence in the London Metropolitan Police: Results from an Experiment Testing the Effect of Leaflet Drops on Public Opinion.’ British Journal of Criminology 50(3): 491–513.
The drivers of perceptions of anti-social behaviour
Mackenzie, S., Bannister, J., Flint, J., Parr, S., Millie, A., and Fleetwood, J. (2010) The drivers of perceptions of anti-social behaviour. Home Office Research Report (34). ISSN 1756-3666.
Community off-sales provision and the presence of alcohol-related detritus in residential neighbourhoods
Forsyth A. J. M. & Davidson, N. (2010) Community off-sales provision and the presence of alcohol-related detritus in residential neighbourhoods. Health & Place, 16: 2, 349 - 358
Gritos de cerveza, cerveza: el rol de la musica y de los DJs en el control del desorden en los clubes nocturnes [Lager, lager shouting: The role of Music and DJs in Nightclub Disorder
Forsyth A. J. M. (2009) ‘Gritos de cerveza, cerveza’: el rol de la música y de los DJs en el control del desorden en los clubes nocturnes [‘Lager, lager shouting’: The role of Music and DJs in Nightclub Disorder.] Addiciones, 21: 4, 327 - 345
Women, resettlement and desistance
McIvor, G., Trotter, C. and Sheehan, C. (2009), Women, resettlement and desistance. Probation Journal 56(4): 347–361.
Crime as an issue during the 2005 UK general election
Millie, A., (2008), 'Crime as an issue during the 2005 UK general election'.Crime, Media, Culture, 4 (1). pp. 101-111.
Vulnerability and risk: some lessons from the UK Reducing Burglary Initiative
Millie, A. (2008) ‘Vulnerability and risk: Some lessons from the UK Reducing Burglary Initiative’, Police Practice and Research, 9(3) 183-198.
Using Research to Inform Policy: The Role of Public Attitude Surveys in Understanding Public Confidence and Police Contact
Bradford, B., Stanko, E. A. and Jackson, J. (2009), Using Research to Inform Policy: The Role of Public Attitude Surveys in Understanding Public Confidence and Police Contact. Policing (2009) 3 (2): 139-148.
Burman, M.J., and Johnstone, J. (2010) Youth Justice. Series: Practice and policy in health and social care (9). Dunedin Academic Press: Edinburgh.
Public Space CCTV in Scotland: Results of a National Survey of Scotland’s Local Authorities
Bannister, J., Mackenzie, S., and Norris, P (2009) Public Space CCTV in Scotland: Results of a National Survey of Scotland’s Local Authorities. Project Report. SCCJR Research Report No. 03/2009.
ESRC/SFC Scoping Study into Quantitative Methods Capacity Building in Scotland: Research Report to ESRC and SFC.
McVie, S., Coxon, A. P.M., Hawkins, P., Palmer, J. and Rice, R. (2008). ESRC/SFC Scoping Study into Quantitative Methods Capacity Building in Scotland. University of Edinburgh
Sample Safeguarding Exercise: The Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime Technical Report No. 4.
McVie, S., McAra, L., and Palmer, J., (2007), 'Sample Safeguarding Exercise', University of Edinburgh.
Criminal Justice Transitions: Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime, Research Digest No. 14.
McAra, L., and McVie, S., (2007), 'Criminal Justice Transitions', University of Edinburgh.