This collection is the product of a collaborative venture between criminologists and archaeologists concerned with the international market in illicit antiquities. It examines the state of regulation in the antiquities market, with a particular focus on the UK’s position, but also with reference to the international context more generally.
Looting happens routinely and many countries have rich deposits of cultural material. The list of source countries is long, but the most high profile cases of looting have been in respect of Egypt, Italy, Peru, Mexico, Greece, Turkey, and China. Antiquities are highly collectable, and there are several prominent international centres for trade, most notably London, New York, Paris, Brussels, Hong Kong, Geneva and Bangkok, but the market operates across national borders.
It is within the complex international and local regulatory context that the essays presented here emerge, focusing upon three areas in particular: the demand for looted antiquities; the supply of cultural artefacts which originate in source countries; and regulation of the international market in antiquities.
Criminology has long been interested in transnational crime and its regulation; archaeology in the pedagogical consequences of antiquities looting. In the papers presented here both disciplines present new data and analysis to forge a more coherent understanding of the nature and failings of the regulatory framework currently in place to combat the criminal market in antiquities.
Victoria University of Wellington