There is a long history within Social Policy of identifying groups of countries who share common policy outcomes (typified by the work of Gøsta Esping-Andersen, 1990, and Francis Castles, 1998).  This work built on the recent work of Paul Norris (2007) by looking at how the groups of nations identified in other areas of Social Policy may relate to differences in criminal justice outcomes, such as victimisation rates.  This work has now been published in the following article:  Norris, P (2009), "Families of Nations, Victimisation and Attitudes Towards Criminal Justice", International Review of Victimology, Vol.16, pp. 229–255


Evidence, Statistics and Trends

Young People and Youth Justice

Research Methods and Criminological Theory

Criminal Justice Process and Institutions

Associated People