Sparks, R. and Bottoms, A.E. (2007) 'Legitimacy and Imprisonment Revisited: Notes on the Problem of Order Ten Years after'. In: J. Byrne, F. Taxman and D. Hummer (eds) The Culture of Prison Violence. Boston: Allyn and Bacon; 91 - 104.
This text is an evidence-based, comprehensive examination of the cause, prevention, and control of prison violence. The authors examine the following issues and their relation to prisons and prison violence: Violenceprevention and control-Research by the leading international experts on prisons is included. Culture-The link between inmate, staff, and management culture and prison and community culture and violence is examined. Offender change-A close look is given to best practices, evidence-based review of “what works” to reduce violence in prisons and to change offender behavior, not only in prison but also upon reentry to the community.