Projects

All Active Projects

Racism and social marginalisation research study

Discrimination and social marginalisation are major stumbling blocks to integration and community cohesion. In particular, discrimination and racial abuse can lead to social marginalisation and alienation that, in turn, might be one set of factors leading some individuals to develop attitudes, and even activities, supporting criminal movements and their use of violence. With funding from the...

Youth Gangs and Knife Carrying

In 2008, SCCJR were awarded a research grant of £155,000 by the Scottish Government to undertake ethnographic research exploring the nature of youth gang involvement, and the nature of knife carrying by young people in Scotland, and the roles that such activities may play in young peoples’ everyday lives. The research took place in five locations across Scotland and involved a...

Comparing Crime Surveys Across the UK

The United Kingdom is covered by three separate crime surveys, the British Crime Survey (which covers England and Wales), the Scottish Crime and Justice Survey and the Northern Ireland Crime Survey. Although these surveys share common origins and have many similarities they have differences which reflect the nature of criminal justice processes and policy interests within the separate...

SCJS User Guide

SCCJR worked in partnership with the Scottish Government to create a “user guide” for researchers who wish to conduct secondary analysis of the Scottish Crime Survey datasets. This guide covered a range of topics, including how to access the data, how to find commonly used variables and how to weight the data prior to analysis. It also included examples of common types of...

Analysing the Scottish Crime Survey Over Time

This work examined how, in the absence of true longitudinal data, responses from different years of the Scottish Crime Survey can be combined to provide an insight into changing underlying patterns of victimisation or attitudes to the criminal justice system in Scotland. This research is currently focussed on the topic of whether changes in the amount of crime reported to the police are a...

Using the Scottish Offenders Index for Research

The Scottish Offenders Index (SOI) has not received the same level of academic interest as the Offenders Index for England and Wales. SCCJR has produced a report looking at what information is held in the SOI and the strengths and limitations of different statistical techniques that could be used to analyse these data. It is anticipated that this initial developmental work will form...

Families of Nations and Criminal Justice Outcomes

There is a long history within Social Policy of identifying groups of countries who share common policy outcomes (typified by the work of Gøsta Esping-Andersen, 1990, and Francis Castles, 1998). This work built on the recent work of Paul Norris (2007) by looking at how the groups of nations identified in other areas of Social Policy may relate to differences in criminal justice...

Scottish Prisons Commission Report

In July 2008, the Scottish Prisons Commission published its report, setting out an ambitious vision of penal reform. Sarah Armstrong and Fergus McNeill acted as academic advisers during the latter stages of the Commission’s work. The report, ‘Scotland’s Choice: Report of the Scottish Prisons Commission’, argued that a nation’s use of prison is partly an expression of...

Organised Crime Mapping Project

Simon Mackenzie and Niall Hamilton-Smith worked in collaboration with the Scottish Government and the Scottish Crime and Drug Enforcement Agency to review evidence on the effectiveness of existing techniques for assessing the threat posed by organised crime, and to develop a new Scottish tool for assessing the threat posed by organised crime groups in Scotland. The work ran from 2008 to 2009 and...

Scoping Study into Quantitative Methods Capacity Building in Scotland

This scoping study was funded jointly by the Economic and Social Research Council and the Scottish Funding Council. The research was carried out in early 2007 by a multi-disciplinary team based at the University of Edinburgh, led by Susan McVie of the School of Law and SCCJR. The other co-applicants were Professor Anthony Coxon, Honorary Professorial Fellow in the School of Social & Political...

Metaphors in Policy

Metaphors are not merely ornamental, they fundamentally shape how we know things. The use of passive language and particular prepositions when discussing womens’ offending (see the report ‘Women Offenders: A Safer Way’), for example, is the deployment of a metaphor of women as victims. The metaphors used to describe integration of public sector activities, such as...

Juvenile Justice in New South Wales

description forthcoming...

Evaluation of the National Parenting Development Project Project (NPDP, Aberlour Child Care Trust).

This was a four year evaluation of the National Parenting Development Project which examined the strategic and direct impact of the project. This involved an examination of the collaborative work between NPDP and the Programmes Unit at HMP and YOI Cornton Vale where a pilot project has been introduced aimed at assisting women prisoners to address issues of separation...

‘Holistic’ interventions with women involved in the criminal justice system.

This project considered the recent emphasis on ‘holistic’ responses aimed at meeting the needs of women caught up in the criminal justice system. It drew on recent work (evaluation of the 218 Centre, comparative analysis of services in Scotland and Canada) to identify how ‘holism’ is defined, what this means in practice and what the implications of this approach are...

Pathways to Recovery Seminar Series

Margaret Malloch and Rowdy Yates (Scottish Addiction Studies) Pathways to Recovery is a unique series of seminars bringing some of the leading figures in the addiction field to debate the issue of "recovery" – what does recovery mean; can recovery be achieved; and if so, how? Over a six-month period in 2008, Pathways to Recovery will bring together practitioners, academics...

European Society of Criminology Working Group on Community Sanctions

The European Society of Criminology has recently established a new Working Group on Community Sanctions. The group, which is open to members of the ESC, aims to stimulate critical comparative research on community sanctions in European jurisdictions. For more details, see: http://esc-eurocrim.org/workgroups.shtml#sanctions or contact Fergus McNeill at F.McNeill@sccjr.ac.uk...

Collaboration of Researchers for the Effective Development of Offender Supervision (CREDOS)

CREDOS is an international network of researchers, and policy and practice partners in research, who share a common interest in the effective development of offender supervision. It was established following a seminar in prato, Italy in september 2007. CREDOS aims to support, encourage and engage in high quality, collaborative and comparative research and scholarship exploring: How best to...

Collaboration of Researchers for the Effective Development of Offender Supervision

CREDOS is an international network of researchers, and policy and practice partners in research, who share a common interest in the effective development of offender supervision. It was established following a seminar in Prato, Italy in September 2007 and aims to support, encourage and engage in high quality, collaborative and comparative research and scholarship.

Drinking and Drug Use in the Community: A Survey of Young Offenders, 2007

This project was conducted in collaboration with Bill McKinlay, the Governor of HMP Barlinnie, and staff at Polmont YOI. Data collection builds upon similar surveys conducted by Bill during 1979 and 1996. The Scottish Prison Service published the report of the project in 2009. To view details and download the final report click here.

An investigation into the environmental impact of off-license premises on residential neighbourhoods

The project was funded by the Alcohol Education Research Council (AERC) and has been conducted with Neil Davidson, now at the Scottish Institute for Policing Research, University of Dundee, and Jemma C Lennox of the Department of Psychology, Glasgow Caledonian University. As well as field observation and expert interview, this groundbreaking research has pioneered the use of digital photography...