Criminal Justice Process and Institutions
Criminal justice processes and institutions are used by the government or state to maintain social control, deter and control crime, and sanction those who violate laws. Key institutions involved in the Scottish criminal justice process include the police, the courts, Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service and correctional institutions (prisons etc).
SCCJR’s work on this topic includes research on formal practices (such as policing, prosecution, sentencing and sanctioning) and less formal alternatives (such as restorative justice). We have a particular expertise in relation to youth justice and community penalties.
Working Title of PhD: Tripartite Communication under the Community Payback Order Year commenced PhD study: 2014 (Full-time) Institution: University of Edinburgh Funding Source: Economic and Social Research Council PhD Supervisors: Professor Richard Sparks, Dr Richard Jones Synopsis: The Scottish Community Payback Order (CPO) came into force in February 2011, and for four years has provided what...
July-September 2015: Chief Superintendent Sharjil Kharal from the Pakistan Police Service visited the SCCJR in Glasgow in a trip made possible by the SCCJR’s second Commonwealth Professional Fellowship award. Sharjil is ranked as a Deputy Inspector General and currently works for the Sindh Police force based in Karachi. He has a Batchelor’s degree in law (LLB) from the University of London,...
Dr Kirstin Anderson
Kirstin is a research programme designer at the Scottish Prison Service College, where she develops learning materials and delivers courses for staff working with women and young people in custody. She is interested in the role of arts in prisons and professional development for prison staff. Kirstin’s most recent work with the SCCJR, in collaboration with the Scottish Prison Service, took...
Working Title of PhD: Exploring the issue of familial imprisonment through a co-produced creative arts project for young people aged 16-24 Year commenced PhD study: 2015 Institution: University of Glasgow Funding Source: What Works Scotland PhD Supervisors: Prof Fergus McNeill and Dr Sarah Armstrong Synopsis: My research will explore the issue of familial imprisonment for children and young...
Estelle is a senior researcher at the Leuven Institute of Criminology (LINC), University of Leuven (KU Leuven) (Belgium). There she has recently finalised as coordinator and co-principal researcher a two-year European Commission funded (Daphne III) project titled ‘Developing integrated responses to sexual violence: An interdisciplinary research project on the potential of restorative...
Working Title of PhD: Paws for Progress: Evaluation of a Dog Training Rehabilitation Programme Synopsis: In the pioneering project ‘Paws for Progress’, male young offenders are taught how to train and rehabilitate rescue dogs for re-homing. Under guidance of professionals, participants learn to work as a team and use positive reinforcement methods to help the dogs. The project concept was...
Dr Jamie Bennett
Jamie Bennett has worked in prisons since 1996 and is currently Governor of HMP Grendon and Spring Hill and Research Associate at the University of Oxford. He read law at the University of Cambridge and studied for a PhD with the SCCJR at the University of Edinburgh, under the supervision of Professor Richard Sparks. His thesis focussed on agency and structure in the working lives of prison...
PhD Working Title: An Unjustified Form of Preventive Detention? Scotland’s Dual Pathway Indeterminate Sentencing Framework Elaine obtained an LLB (Hons) in Scots Law from the University of Glasgow in 2013 before progressing to postgraduate research in the same year. Her PhD research is focused on the preventive sentencing of “dangerous” offenders, especially those with mental health...
Working Title of PhD: The role of prison education in developing capabilities and encouraging desistance Year commenced PhD study: 2014 Institution: University of Glasgow PhD Supervisors: Prof Fergus McNeill and Prof Nicki Hedge Synopsis: This project will explore the development of human capabilities (as outlined by Martha Nussbaum) through student’s interaction with learning during...
Dr Nikolaos Stamatakis
Dr Nikolaos Stamatakis recently completed his post-doctorate in Sociology at the University of Sao Paolo – Centre for the Study of Violence, Brazil. In 2013, he obtained a double PhD in Criminology at Ghent University (Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy) & the University of Liege (Centre for Criminology) (Belgium), as well as a PhD in Sociology at Athens University for...
Dr Hannah Graham
Dr Hannah Graham is a Lecturer in Criminology in the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research (SCCJR) in the School of Applied Social Science at the University of Stirling. From 2011-2014, Hannah lectured in Criminology and Sociology at the University of Tasmania, Australia. From January 2015 – April 2016, Hannah is working with Professor Gill McIvor (SCCJR, University of Stirling) and...
Dr Richard Jones
Dr Richard Jones is a Mid-Career Research Development Fellow and Lecturer in Criminology, at the University of Edinburgh School of Law. Richard has a strong profile in criminological theory, surveillance and cybercrime. He has published and given papers on topics including the electronic monitoring (“tagging”) of offenders, access control, border controls, computer crime, penal...
Working Title of PhD: An exploration of how young people experience the effects of the imprisonment of a family member Funded by: Edinburgh University School of Law PhD Scholarship, 2012-15. Year commenced PhD study: 2012 (Full Time) Supervisor(s): Dr Anna Souhami, Prof Lesley McAra Synopsis: This research will explore the experience of young people, aged 16 -21 years, who have a family member in...
Dr Stephanie Fohring
Stephanie is a Lecturer in Criminology at Edinburgh Napier University where she teaches victimology and a number of other topics on both the BA criminology and the MSc in Applied criminology and forensic Psychology. Prior to beginning at Napier, Stephanie completed a British Academy Post-Doctoral fellowship at the University of Edinburgh, where she also completed her PhD. Stephanie’s research...
Dr Steve Kirkwood
Steve is originally from Wellington, Aotearoa/New Zealand, where he completed an honours degree in English Literature and Psychology and an MSc in Psychology at Victoria University of Wellington. His MSc focused on the topic of identity and indigenous rights. He then moved to Edinburgh where he worked as a Research Officer for the Community Justice charity Sacro from 2005-2009, undertaking...
Jenny’s current research is focused on the way that jurors are able to communicate in criminal trials and her vision for the future is to develop academic dialogues on related subjects in as many different artistic languages as she can. Her work is multidisciplinary in which she draws together criminal justice research (specifically jury research), interactive theatre arts (specifically...
Scott is a full-time lecturer in social work at Glasgow Caledonian University, where he is the current MSc programme lead. Scott has a professional background in criminal justice social work, where he was employed as a social worker for ten years. Scott is a post-graduate of the Universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh. His research interests include the sociology of Pierre Bourdieu, the lived...
Dr Sarah Armstrong
Sarah Armstrong is Senior Research Fellow based at Glasgow University. Her research interests revolve around prisons and punishment: policy processes that shape and sustain them; language practices that inform and construct them; market and governance forces that expand and contain them. She has an ESRC small grant (September 2008 – September 2010) to conduct an ethnography of penal policy and...
Prof Fergus McNeill
Fergus McNeill is Professor of Criminology & Social Work at the University of Glasgow. Prior to becoming an academic in 1998, Fergus worked for a number of years in residential drug rehabilitation and as a criminal justice social worker. He teaches on undergraduate and postgraduate courses in criminology, social work and sociology. Fergus’s main interests lie in the fields of sentencing,...
Working Title of PhD: How people with learning disabilities make sense of and adapt to custodial punishment. Year commenced PhD Study: 2012 (Full time) Funding Source: ESRC/Cornerstone collaboration. PhD Supervisors: Prof Michele Burman, Prof Nick Watson, Lynn Jolly (Cornerstone) Synopsis: Using innovative qualitative research methods complimentary within prison sociology, her research explores...
Dr Marguerite Schinkel
Marguerite Schinkel joined SCCJR in October 2013 as an ESRC Future Leader Research Fellow. Her post-doctoral research examines how those who offend persistently, but not necessarily seriously, make sense of the series of punishments they undergo. She will be conducting life history interviews with men and women who have been punished over a period of at least fifteen years, followed by a second...
Prof Richard Sparks
Richard Sparks is Professor of Criminology at the University of Edinburgh. He was formerly Professor of Criminology at Keele University and in his early career also worked at the Open University and the University of Cambridge. His main research interests lie in the sociology of punishment (especially imprisonment); penal politics; and public responses to crime and punishment. Recent research...
Research shows growing support for changes to the use of electronic monitoring tagging in Scotland
30th June 2016
Findings and recommendations released in a new report by SCCJR criminologists Prof Gill McIvor and Dr Hannah Graham of the University of Stirling indicate support among criminal justice practitioners to make key changes to the use of electronic monitoring tagging in Scotland. Their study sought the views of criminal justice social workers, Scottish Prison Service staff, sheriffs, the Parole Board...
Major award win for agenda-setting SCCJR researcher Kath Murray
23rd June 2016
Kath Murray, right, with Natalie Aguilera of award sponsor SAGE Publishing The SCCJR’s Dr Kath Murray has been awarded a prestigious Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) prize for her hugely influential work on police stop-and-search practices. She was presented with the £10,000 award for Outstanding Early Career Impact at a ceremony in London last night. The judging panel...
Rehabilitation Work by Hannah Graham: ‘A truly remarkable achievement’
13th June 2016
A new book by SCCJR and University of Stirling criminologist Dr Hannah Graham has been hailed as “a truly remarkable achievement” and an “important contribution to the recovery and desistance literature”. Rehabilitation Work: Supporting Desistance and Recovery reveals compelling differences between official and institutional accounts of rehabilitation work, and the...
Award nod for Dr Kath Murray recognises huge impact of stop-and-search work
11th May 2016
The SCCJR’s Dr Kath Murray has been shortlisted for a prestigious Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) prize for her agenda-setting work on police stop-and-search practices. The Economic and Social Research Council’s Celebrating Impact Prize recognises and rewards researchers whose work has made a real difference to society or the economy. Kath’s PhD research on stop...
PhD studentship opportunity: Stop and Search in Scotland
7th April 2016
Applications are open for an ESRC collaborative PhD studentship titled ‘Stop and Search in Scotland: An analysis of police practice and culture in a time of change’. The studentship is being offered by the University of Dundee in partnership with Police Scotland, and will focus on an area that has received widespread attention in recent years thanks to the work of SCCJR researcher Kath...
Offender Supervision in the EU: Four years of findings
24th March 2016
Offender Supervision in Europe, the COST Action chaired by the SCCJR’s Professor Fergus McNeill, has concluded following a major conference in Brussels. The Action, which lasted four year, has produced its final report, but work is continuing to disseminate what the participating academics learned. Resources including a series of podcast are available on the Action’s...
SCCJR academics contribute to Handbook on Prisons
29th February 2016
Members of SCCJR have contributed chapters to the new edition of the Handbook on Prisons, edited by former SCCJR PhD student Jamie Bennett, Ben Crewe and Yvonne Jewkes. Richard Sparks has co-written a chapter on ‘The Politics of Imprisonment’ with University of Edinburgh PhD students Jessica Bird and Louise Brangan, while Fergus McNeill and Marguerite Schinkel of the University of...
Seminar: Forensic challenges to law enforcement in Pakistan
3rd September 2015
Our visiting Commonwealth Scholar, Sharjil Kharal of the Police Service of Pakistan,will present a seminar next week at the University of Glasgow on ‘Forensic challenges to law enforcement in...
Scottish stop and search rate falls but stays top in UK, study shows
22nd June 2015
Police stop and search figures are dropping in Scotland but the practice remains far more common than it is south of the border, research by the SCCJR shows. Numbers have fallen by 38 per cent since the formation of Police Scotland in April 2013, the research by Dr Kath Murray of Edinburgh University found, but the latest figures show that people in Scotland are still four times more likely to...
Professor Fergus McNeill gives evidence to the Scottish Parliament
26th May 2015
Tomorrow at Holyrood, Professor Fergus McNeill (University of Glasgow) of the SCCJR will give oral evidence to the Scottish Parliament’s Justice Committee about the Prisoners (Control of Release) (Scotland) Bill. Professor McNeill previously provided written evidence on this bill, which can be found here and here. The Justice Committee will next meet to consider the bill on June 2.
Artist in Residence
15th November 2012
Working Spaces, Punishing Spaces: The Meaning and Construction of Place through Criminological Research Photographer Jenny Wicks has completed a nine month residency studying the work of criminologists at The Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research, Glasgow University. The residency has resulted in an interactive multi-media installation incorporating audio, fine art photography and object...
‘The Road from Crime Film Launch’
15th November 2012
About 300 people from across the criminal justice sector attended the launch of ‘The Road from Crime’ on 18th June 2012. The film is the product of an ESRC funded knowledge exchange project involving Fergus McNeill (SCCJR, University of Glasgow), Steve Farrall (University of Sheffield), Claire Lightowler (Institute for Research and Innovation in Social Services) and Shadd Maruna (Queen’s...
Community Policing Project
1st November 2012
Community Policing Project Simon Mackenzie (SCCJR) and Alistair Henry (SIPR) have been awarded an AHRC Knowledge Transfer Fellowship. The project involves academic criminologists working with the City of Edinburgh community police and their senior officers to identify and develop future directions for community policing in Scotland. The programme consists of a series of workshops, the results of...
Scottish Community Safety Network
1st November 2012
Scottish Community Safety Network SCCJR works with the Scottish Community Safety Network to ensure that up to date thinking and evidence on crime and justice issues is shared with network members and that the work of our academics is informed by the concerns and experiences of network members.
Ministry of Justice – Summary of Review on Quality in Probation Supervision now published
12th March 2012
The review looked at quality in relation to probation supervision in different countries, looking at how it is seen by both supervisors and service users. Please click to access Report...
A new survey backs up the Reading the Riots findings that adversarial police tactics risk the legitimacy of legal authorities
15th December 2011
Justice Analytical Services monthly bulletin November 2011
5th December 2011
Justice Analytical Services (JAS), Scottish Government, are producing a new monthly bulletin: ‘Monthly Safer Communities and Justice Brief”. The bulletin will provide facts and figures on a range of topics including: Crime, Policing, Drugs, Community Safety, Criminal and Civil Proceedings and Offender Management. This month’s feature is: ‘Results from the...
Sarah Armstrong and Beth Weaver receive award from the Howard League for Penal Reform
20th June 2011
Sarah Armstrong and Beth Weaver received a highly commended award from the Howard League for Penal Reform on 14.06.11 for their research into ‘Users Views of Punishment’. The award was presented as part of the Howard League for Penal Reform’s celebration of the work of academics and researchers whose work offers genuine new insights into the penal system through the...
Understanding female imprisonment in Scotland
15th March 2011
SCCJR has published research exploring the drivers of female imprisonment in Scotland. The report is available here, and a briefing paper based on the report can be accessed here. Overall, this research indicates that the growth in the female prison population is more likely attributed to the increasing use of custodial sentences by courts than changes in the pattern of female offending.
New Videos: SCCJRs Fergus McNeill talks about desistance, criminal justice social work and more…
22nd November 2010
Fergus McNeill has been recorded by Film Exchange on Alcohol and Drugs (FEAD) discussing a range of topics, including: Desistance, and desistance supporting communities How Restorative Justice can improve on traditional criminal justice approaches ‘Good Lives’ Model and looking beyond ‘what you mustn’t do’ Social work ethics and values and moral...
User Views of Punishment: Research report published
11th November 2010
Scotland is currently engaged in one of the biggest penal reform projects in a generation, seeking to fundamentally change its approach to punishment, which is characterised by high use of imprisonment compared to other parts of Europe, and the use of very short prison sentences. In Scotland around three quarters of prison sentences handed down by the courts are for six months or less. But...
New updated version of Policing Scotland book by Daniel Donnolly and Kenneth Scott published this month
21st September 2010
SCCJR associate member Kenneth Scott and Daniel Donnelly have builds upon the success of the first edition and aims to provide an up-to-date and authoritative account of recent developments and provide an overview of policing in Scotland, with an updated description of the basic factual information about Scottish policing as it stands in the present age. Contributors to the book are drawn from...
Having an Impact on Probation and Prisons
13th August 2010
We are delighted to announce that throughout the remainder of 2010 Fergus McNeill will be acting as an academic adviser to the Belgian Presidency of the Council of the European Union in relation to the implementation of the EU Framework Decision on the supervision of probation measures and alternative sanctions. Additionally, from 2010-2011 Fergus will be a member of the Prison Review...
Women, Punishment and Community Sanctions
24th May 2010
A team of academics, policy makers and practitioners met in May as part of a programme of enquiry on Women, Punishment and Community Sanctions, led by SCCJR’s Gill McIvor and Margaret Malloch. This programme will involve further meetings and a range of future research and knowledge exchange activities. For details see our programme websiteand visit the document library for materials...
Listen to Ben Bradford talk about his research into influencing trust and confidence in the police
23rd March 2010
SCCJR’s Ben Bradford discusses his paper about influencing trust and confidence in the London Metropolitan police (co-authored with Elizabeth Stanko and Katrin Hohl). To access the video clip click here. The paper being discussed details how the researchers measured levels of trust and confidence in the police across areas of London. They then distributed leaflets about police activity to...
Dear Minister Letters – including contributions from Richard Sparks and Fergus McNeill
12th March 2010
In Criminal Justice Matters a range of open letters on criminology and public policy have been crafted by a range of academics directed at The Minister, whoever that may be following the forthcoming election. The letters include contributions from SCCJR’s Richard Sparks and Fergus McNeill, and other contributions from Ian Loader, Benjamin Goold, Gordon Hughes, Fergus McNeill, Coretta...
Criminal Justice System in Trouble – Fergus McNeill discusses on The Today Programme (Radio 4)
10th March 2010
SCCJR’s Fergus McNeill discussed his concerns for the future of the criminal justice system on the Today Programme on Wednesday 10th March. To listen to his discussion click here.
Social Control and Human Rights: Paper available for comments
4th March 2010
Fergus McNeill and Richard Sparks have recently contributed to a project by the International Council on Human Rights Policy on the contemporary relationships between social control and human rights. McNeill and Sparks’s draft paper on ‘Punnishment and Incaceration’ is available for comment here. Please direct comments on this paper to firstname.lastname@example.org. The...
Researching Gangs in Glasgow (Presentation at the British Society of Criminology Conference)
8th October 2009
SCCJR’s Alistair Fraser and Colin Atkinson recently presentated to the British Society of Criminology Conference (September 2009) about their experiences of researching gangs in glasgow. A power point of their presentation is available here – www.sccjr.ac.uk/documents/Researching_Gangs_in_Glasgow_-_BSC_June_2009.ppt...
How and why some people stop offending – Presentation to Norwegian correctional services available to view
7th July 2009
In June 2009 Professor Fergus McNeil gave a talk to Krus (the staff academy of the Norwegian correctional services) on how and why some people stop offending, This talk is avalable on the Krus website. Click here to...
Punishing Spaces, Working Spaces: Artist in Residence at SCCJR
Depictions of crime, and crime science, in popular culture represent the criminologist’s world through a narrow and increasingly hackneyed set of spaces – the crime lab and courtroom offering two examples. In this artistic-academic collaboration, photographer Jenny Wicks will be in residence at the Glasgow University site of SCCJR for ten months (February – November 2012). As an artist her...
Reconviction among Drug Court participants
The aim of the project was to assess whether the pilot drug courts had successful in bringing about reductions in re-offending by comparing drug court reconviction rates with reconviction rates among similar offenders sentenced elsewhere. The analysis compared recidivism among drug court participants sentenced over a period of 4 years with reconviction among offenders given DTTOs in Glasgow and...
Reconviction among young people sentenced in the pilot Youth Courts
This project was to assess whether the pilot Youth Courts were more effective in bringing about reductions in recidivism, reconviction among Youth Court cases was compared with reconviction among three other groups of cases: those sentenced in the sheriff summary court and those sentenced in two comparator Sheriff Summary Courts over a similar period of time. The work was requested by the...
Understanding the drivers of the female prison population in Scotland
SCCJR are undertaking some analysis aimed at identifying factors that may have contributed to the increased use of female imprisonment in Scotland. The number of women imprisoned in Scotland has risen dramatically over the last 10-15 years (as it has done in other western jurisdictions) prompting questions as to the factors that have brought about this change. In seeking to explore this issue...
Assessing Dynamic Risk in Intimate Partner Offenders
This project, which was conducted in 2009, was sponsored by the Scottish government and involved reviewing literature to develop a comprehensive risk assessment approach for intimate partner offenders which would be open to dynamic change, thus capable of reflecting the impact of treatment groups and other interventions within the criminal justice system. This was undertaken by Prof. E.
Assessing Risk in Intimate Partner Offenders
This project was sponsored by the Risk Management Authority and was undertaken 2009-2010. This involved critical appraisal of the literature and evidence base in IPV risk assessment and producing a paper to inform the Risk Management Authority’s guidance on IPV risk Assessment and management. The work was undertaken by Prof. Liz Gilchrist and is currently informing policy advice...
Ethnography of Penal Policy
This project, funded by the ESRC, is using the techniques and perspective of ethnography to study penal reform at a key moment in Scottish history. An ethnographic approach involves close up observation and immersion in the world it aims to document. Over the past 18 months, Sarah has been both working on and tracing the changes taking place in penal policy as various actors – civil...
A Rapid Evidence Assessment of the Drivers of Perception of Anti-Social Behaviour
This rapid evidence assessment was requested and funded by the Home Office in 2009. Non-SCCJR colleagues John Flint and Sadie Parr were also members of the project team. The report is available here...
Evaluation of Up-to-us Young Women’s Project
Evaluation of the Up-2-Us Time for Change Project This is an evaluation of the pilot Up-2-Us Time for Change Project, which is a gender-specific service targeted at young women aged between 14 and 18 years deemed to be at significantly high risk of admission to secure care or custody. The research takes a multi-dimensional perspective, by undertaking a set of qualitative interviews...
Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Home Detention Curfew (HDC) and the Prison’s Open Estate
The Scottish Government has contracted with SCCJR to evaluate the effectiveness of these two schemes of graduated release from prisons. The project began in February 2010 and is scheduled to be complete at the end of September 2010. The evaluation involes statistical analysis of the trends of use and breach of HDC and open prisons, an assessment of the costs and benefits of the schemes and...
Analysis of Supervision Skills by Juvenile Justice Workers
This research, funded by the Australian Criminology Research Council, is examining the nature and effectiveness of different styles of supervision of offenders. The research is being conducted in collaboration with the Department of Juvenile Justice in New South Wales. The study sample will include 50 juvenile justice workers and 200 juvenile justice clients (four clients for each worker). Data...
A profile of female offenders within the Lothian and Borders
Understanding the characteristics and needs of women in the criminal justice system is a first step towards the development of effective interventions and services that can divert female offenders from imprisonment and support their desistance from crime. This study, funded by the Lothian and Borders Community Justice Authority, described and analysed the characteristics and needs of women...
Evaluation of the Women in Focus Programme
The Women in Focus Programme is aimed at reducing the number of women imprisoned from the South West Scotland Community Justice Authority area by offering additional support within the framework of a statutory order. The research, funded by the South West Scotland Community Justice Authority, is assessing the effectiveness of the programme in reducing levels of breach and levels of custody...
Women, Punishment and Community Sanctions – Human Rights and Social Justice
The core objective of the programme will be to draw upon international knowledge and expertise to critically assess cross cultural responses to lawbreaking by women with a particular emphasis upon human rights and social justice. The programme will focus upon comparative experiences of community sanctions for women, an area that has received relatively little academic and policy attention. In...
A Comparative Analysis of Community Service in Belgium, Holland, Scotland and Spain
This project is being undertaken for a special issue of the European Journal of Probation. An analytical framework has been adopted to describe the development, implementation and evolution of unpaid work by offenders in each country and to identify contemporary issues and challenges. A further comparative paper is focusing on identifying similarities and differences across jurisdictions, and how...
User Views of Punishment
Sarah Armstrong (Glasgow University) and Beth Weaver (Strathclyde University) are conducting research, in cooperation with the Scottish Prison Service, into the experience of doing short prison sentences and community-based sentences (probation, community service). We want to know what those affected by these punishments are going through and how such sentences help or hinder the ability to...
Working Lunches at Ivy Lodge
Working Lunches are held from 12.30pm to 2pm on Wednesdays in the ASRF Meeting Room, 66 Oakfield Avenue, Glasgow. They provide an informal space in which to discuss research ideas, whether this comes from work in progress, work we are thinking about doing or a common reading. We welcome visitors and have a small budget to offset costs of travel for anyone seeking a forum in which to discuss...
Consensus / Consenso
SCCJR, in collaboration with Xunta de Galicia, Spain and 4 other international partners, were awarded a grant under the European Commission, DG Freedom, Justice and Security: Framework Partnership ‘Prevention of and Fight Against Crime 2007’ for a project identifying, analysing and disseminating existing good practices in restorative juvenile justice across six...
Community Policing in Scotland
This AHRC funded knowledge transfer project runs from Jan 2009 to Dec 2011. It involves working with the Scottish police to interrogate available conceptual models of community policing and develop best practice in Scotland. The project has its own website at http://police.sccjr.ac.uk/ It involves a range of activities and outputs which will be posted to that site through the life of the project.
Racism and social marginalisation research study
Discrimination and social marginalisation are major stumbling blocks to integration and community cohesion. In particular, discrimination and racial abuse can lead to social marginalisation and alienation that, in turn, might be one set of factors leading some individuals to develop attitudes, and even activities, supporting criminal movements and their use of violence. With funding from the...
Families of Nations and Criminal Justice Outcomes
There is a long history within Social Policy of identifying groups of countries who share common policy outcomes (typified by the work of Gøsta Esping-Andersen, 1990, and Francis Castles, 1998). This work built on the recent work of Paul Norris (2007) by looking at how the groups of nations identified in other areas of Social Policy may relate to differences in criminal justice...
Scottish Prisons Commission Report
In July 2008, the Scottish Prisons Commission published its report, setting out an ambitious vision of penal reform. Sarah Armstrong and Fergus McNeill acted as academic advisers during the latter stages of the Commission’s work. The report, ‘Scotland’s Choice: Report of the Scottish Prisons Commission’, argued that a nation’s use of prison is partly an expression of...
Metaphors in Policy
Metaphors are not merely ornamental, they fundamentally shape how we know things. The use of passive language and particular prepositions when discussing womens’ offending (see the report ‘Women Offenders: A Safer Way’), for example, is the deployment of a metaphor of women as victims. The metaphors used to describe integration of public sector activities, such as...
Evaluation of the National Parenting Development Project Project (NPDP, Aberlour Child Care Trust).
This was a four year evaluation of the National Parenting Development Project which examined the strategic and direct impact of the project. This involved an examination of the collaborative work between NPDP and the Programmes Unit at HMP and YOI Cornton Vale where a pilot project has been introduced aimed at assisting women prisoners to address issues of separation...
European Society of Criminology Working Group on Community Sanctions
The European Society of Criminology has recently established a new Working Group on Community Sanctions. The group, which is open to members of the ESC, aims to stimulate critical comparative research on community sanctions in European jurisdictions. For more details, see: http://esc-eurocrim.org/workgroups.shtml#sanctions or contact Fergus McNeill at F.McNeill@sccjr.ac.uk...
Collaboration of Researchers for the Effective Development of Offender Supervision
CREDOS is an international network of researchers, and policy and practice partners in research, who share a common interest in the effective development of offender supervision. It was established following a seminar in Prato, Italy in September 2007 and aims to support, encourage and engage in high quality, collaborative and comparative research and scholarship.
An investigation into the environmental impact of off-license premises on residential neighbourhoods
The project was funded by the Alcohol Education Research Council (AERC) and has been conducted with Neil Davidson, now at the Scottish Institute for Policing Research, University of Dundee, and Jemma C Lennox of the Department of Psychology, Glasgow Caledonian University. As well as field observation and expert interview, this groundbreaking research has pioneered the use of digital photography...
Cultural Change in Community Justice
SCCJR was commissioned by the Scottish Government to prepare a brief literature review which explores cultural change in community justice. This is intended to inform the ongoing work of a Performance Improvement Strategy Group which is trying to develop the effectiveness and quality of criminal justice social work in Scotland, as part of the Reducing Reoffending agenda. The basic idea is...
Desistance and Reducing Reoffending
Desistance from crime – the process through which people cease and refrain from offending – is a research topic that is of significant import for criminal justice policy and practice. Staff of the SCCJR have already made a number of contributions to debates about how policy and practice could and should respond to the findings of desistance research. For...
Compliance with Community Penalties
This project is a collaboration with Dr Gwen Robinson at the University of Sheffield. At the moment we are awaiting a decision from the ESRC about funding the research. The focus of the project is on exploring the dynamics of compliance with community supervision. This is an area of considerable policy and practice significance, particularly in penal systems concerned about the...
This project was funded by the British Academy and ran from March 2008-winter 2009. The basic idea was to collect oral histories of probation in Scotland by interviewing former probation officers and former probationers who experienced probation in the 1950s and 60s, prior to the demise of the Scottish Probation Service after the Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968. The reason for our...
Social Enquiry and Sentencing in the Sheriff Courts
This ESRC funded research project was a collaboration with Simon Halliday, Neil Hutton and Cyrus Tata at the University of Strathclyde. The study used innovative ethnographic methods to study the production of social enquiry (or pre-sentence) reports and their use by sentencers. A summary report of the project’s findings can be found in project documents, along with some related...
Centre staff have longstanding interests in analysing all aspects of private sector involvement in penal institutions and practices. This project heading collects together numerous aspects of that interest and provides a means of finding relevant research on the topic. Please check back regularly for updates on activity and publications. Project DocumentsCommodification of Offender...
Crime and Justice Research Training and Development
The Capacity Building Network based at the University of Stirling is devoted primarily to capacity building in the area of criminal justice research, with a remit for developing and consolidating applied expertise, liaison with stakeholders, and overseeing outreach activities. Encouraging a multi-disciplinary approach to criminal justice research in Scotland is a major objective of this...
Understanding and Preventing Youth Crime survey (UPYC) Early Findings: Stop and search in Glasgow and Edinburgh
Murray, K. (2106) Understanding and Preventing Youth Crime survey (UPYC) Early Findings: Stop and search in Glasgow and Edinburgh. Glasgow: Scottish Police Authority
Rehabilitation Work: Supporting Desistance and Recovery
Graham, H. (2016) Rehabilitation Work: Supporting Desistance and Recovery. Routledge
Policing in Cool and Hot Climates: Legitimacy, Power and the Rise and Fall of Mass Stop and Search in Scotland
Murray, K. and Harkin, D. (2016) ‘Policing in Cool and Hot Climates: Legitimacy, Power and the Rise and Fall of Mass Stop and Search in Scotland’ in British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 26, No. 3
Under-regulated and unaccountable? Explaining variation in stop and search rates in Scotland, England and Wales
Lennon, G. & Murray, K. (2016): Under-regulated and unaccountable? Explaining variation in stop and search rates in Scotland, England and Wales, Policing and Society, DOI: 10.1080/10439463.2016.1163359
The Politics of Imprisonment
Sparks, R., Bird, J. and Brangan, L. (2016) ‘The Politics of Imprisonment’ in Handbook on Prisons. Bennett, J., Crewe, B. and Jewkes, Y., (eds.). Cullompton: Willan Publishing
Prisons and desistance
McNeill, F. and Schinkel, M. (2016) ‘Prisons and desistance' in Handbook on Prisons. Bennett, J., Crewe, B. and Jewkes, Y., (eds.). Cullompton: Willan Publishing
‘Doing the wait': an exploration into the waiting experiences of prisoners’ families
Foster, R (2016) 'Doing the wait': an exploration into the waiting experiences of prisoners' families, Time & Society (advance publication February 21) doi: 10.1177/0961463X16633235
An ‘Epistocratic’ Approach to Police Governance
Malik, A. (2016) An ‘Epistocratic’ Approach to Police Governance, SIPR Research Summary No: 24. Dundee: Scottish Institute for Policing Research
Book review: Evaluating counterterrorism performance: a comparative study
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‘The Scottish MI5 station will change to MI6. And you know what MI6 does!’ Understanding the hidden politics of intelligence in Scotland’s independence referendum debate
Atkinson, C. (2015) ‘The Scottish MI5 station will change to MI6. And you know what MI6 does!’ Understanding the hidden politics of intelligence in Scotland’s independence referendum debate. The Scottish Journal of Criminal Justice Studies, 21: 5-19. Available at: http://www.sastudyoffending.org.uk/attachments/article/171/2015.pdf
Scottish and International Review of the Uses of Electronic Monitoring
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Community Punishment: European Perspectives
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Policing, Prevention and the Rise of Stop and Search in Scotland: A Short History
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The cell and the corridor: Imprisonment as waiting, and waiting as mobile
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Obeying the rules of the road: Procedural justice, social identity and legal compliance
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Enhancing public trust and police legitimacy during road traffic encounters: Results from a randomised controlled trial in Scotland
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Stop and Search in Scotland: A Post Reform Overview – Scrutiny and Accountability
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Universities and Prisons Engagement
Armstrong, S. (2015) Universities and Prisons Engagement. Glasgow: SCCJR
Police awareness and involvement in cases of domestic and partner abuse
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Unpaid work as an alternative to imprisonment for fine default in Austria and Scotland
McIvor, G., Pirnat, C. & Grafl, C. (2013) Unpaid work as an alternative to imprisonment for fine default in Austria and Scotland, European Journal of Probation, 5 (2), pp. 3-28.
Policing in EU Seaports: Impact of the ISPS Code on Port Security Post 9/11
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Summary of Review on quality in probation supervision
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The Quantification of Prison Population Projections
Armstrong, S. (2012), The Quantification of Fear Through Prison Population Projections. Available at Social Science Research Network.
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Home Detention Curfew and Open Prison in Scotland
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User Views of Punishment: The dynamics of community-based punishment: insider views from the outside
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Understanding the Drivers of Female Imprisonment in Scotland
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Briefing paper: Understanding the drivers of female imprisonment in Scotland
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Mackenzie, S. (2011) 'Trafficking Antiquities'. In: M. Natarajan (ed) International Crime and Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 141 - 147.
What Do the Punished Think of Punishment?: The comparative experience of short term prison sentences and community-based punishments
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Community Payback and the new National Standards for Criminal Justice Social Work
McNeill, F. (2010), Community Payback and the new National Standards for Criminal Justice Social Work. SCCJR Briefing Paper No.02/2010.
Legitimacy and Procedural Justice in Prisons
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Drug Courts: Lessons from the UK and Beyond
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Whatever Happened to Reassurance Policing?
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Different Things to Different People? The Meaning and Measurement of Trust and Confidence in Policing Across Diverse Social Groups in London
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Procedural Justice, Trust, and Institutional Legitimacy
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institutional legitimacy. Policing 4(3): 203–210.
Report on Community Payback Order Seminar
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Reconviction Among Drug Court Participants
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Reconviction Among youth Court and Comparison Cases
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The quality of police contact: procedural justice concerns among victims of crime in London
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Paying back: 30 years of unpaid work by offenders in Scotland
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Professional decision-making and women offenders: Containing the chaos?
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Tackling Addiction: Pathways to Recovery
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Travelling Hopefully: Desistance Research and Probation Practice
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Social Work in Criminal Justice
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Influencing trust and confidence in the London Metropolitan Police: results from an experiment testing the effect of leaflet drops on public opinion
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Families of Nations, Victimisation and Attitudes Towards Criminal Justice
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Evidencing sexual assault: Women in the witness box
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Vulnerability and risk: some lessons from the UK Reducing Burglary Initiative
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Insight 41: Support and Services for Parents in Scotland
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Support and Services for Parents: A Review of Practice Development in Scotland
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Support and Services for Parents: A Review of the Literature in Engaging and Supporting Parents
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Primary Support Project; An Evaluation
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Contemporary Issues in Law Enforcement and Policing
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Education and Training in Four Countries: Getting Rule of Law Messages Across
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Crime as an issue during the 2005 UK general election
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Why Tackle Anti-social Behaviour?
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Interview with Ken Moroney, Commissioner of New South Wales Police, Australia
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Public Trust in Criminal Justice: A Review of the Research Literature in the United States
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Does the fear of crime erode public confidence in policing?
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Beyond Measuring ‘How Good a Job’ Police Are Doing: The MPS Model of Confidence in Policing
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Using Research to Inform Policy: The Role of Public Attitude Surveys in Understanding Public Confidence and Police Contact
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Crime, policing and social order: on the expressive nature of public confidence in policing
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Contact and confidence: revisiting the impact of public encounters with the police
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Conceptualising tolerance: paradoxes of tolerance and intolerance in contemporary Britain
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Burman, M.J., and Johnstone, J. (2010) Youth Justice. Series: Practice and policy in health and social care (9). Dunedin Academic Press: Edinburgh.
Community policing: a Review of the Evidence
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‘Borderline sentencing: A comparison of sentencers’ decision-making in England and Wales, and Scotland’
Millie, A., Tombs, J. and Hough, M. (2007) ‘Borderline sentencing: A comparison of sentencers’ decision-making in England and Wales, and Scotland’, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 7(3) 243-267.
Securing Respect: Behavioural Expectations and Anti-Social Behaviour in the UK
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Sex Offender Community Notification in Scotland
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Rehabilitation and Resettlement: A Study of Prolific Offender Case Management in Birmingham, United Kingdom
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Enquetes de Criminalite et de Delinquance Autoreportees en Grande-Bretagne et en Irlande
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Risk, responsibility and reconfiguration: Penal adaptation and misadaptation
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Critical Issues in Researching Hidden Communities
Ashe, S., Fraser, A. and Piacentini, T. (2009) ‘Introduction: Critical Issues in Researching ‘Hidden Communities’’. In: eSharp - Special Issue: Critical Issues in Researching Hidden Communities. Glasgow: University of Glasgow; 1 - 9.
Prisons and Sentencing Reform
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Risk, responsibility and reconfiguration
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Supervising Young Offenders: What Works and What’s Right
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SCCJR Response to the Justice Committee Call for Written Evidence on the Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Bill
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The illusion of control: a response to Professor Sherman
Managing Meaning: Metaphor in Criminal Justice Policy
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Choice vs. Crisis: How Scotland could transform thinking about prisons and punishment
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Circles of Support & Accountability: Consideration of the Feasibility of Pilots in Scotland
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Reducing reoffending: lessons from psychotherapy and counselling
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Will brightly coloured uniforms raise public confidence in criminal justice?
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Assessment in Criminal Justice
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Paying Back – Unpaid Work by Offenders
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Introduction and Overview (Developments in Social Work with Offenders)
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Evaluation of the Airdrie Sheriff Youth Court Pilot
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Evaluation of the Arrest Referral Pilot Scheme
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Evaluation of the Scottish Prison Service Transitional Care Initiative
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Developments in Social Work with Offenders
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Audiences, Borders, Architecture: The Contours of Control
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Perspectives on Punishment: The Contours of Control
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Crime and Social Change in Middle England: Questions of Order in an English Town
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The Seductions of Conformity: the Criminological Importance of a Phenomenology of Exchange
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How to Reduce Youth Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour by Going Round in Circles
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Borderline sentencing: A comparison of sentencers’ decision making in England and Wales, and Scotland
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Denying Responsibility: Sentencers’ Accounts of their Decisions to Imprison
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Reconfigurations of penality :The ongoing case of the women’s imprisonment and reintegration industries
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Telling Sentencing Stories
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A desistance paradigm for offender management
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Shadow writing and participant observation: A study of criminal justice social work around sentencing’
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Changing policy and practice? Criminal justice research in Scotland
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Impact of Aspects of the Law of Evidence in Sexual Offence Trials: An Evaluation Study
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The Politics of Imprisonment
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Contemporary Landscapes of Crime, Order and Control: Governance, Risk and Globalization
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Towards Effective Practice in Offender Supervision
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Crime pays but for whom
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Shadow Writing and Participant Observation: A Study of Criminal Justice Social Work Around Sentencing
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Reducing Reoffending: Social Work and Community Justice in Scotland
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Responding to Drug and Alcohol Problems: Innovations and Effectiveness in Treatment Programmes for Women
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The End of an Era? Youth Justice in Scotland
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McCulloch, T., and McNeill, F. (2008) 'Desistance-focused Approaches'. In: S. Green, E. Lancaster and S. Feasey (eds.) Addressing Offending Behaviour: Context, Practice and Values. Cullompton, Devon: Willan Publishing; 154 - 171.
Developments in Probation in Scotland
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Probation in Scotland: Past, Present and Future
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Community Supervision: Context and Relationships Matter
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Giving Up and Giving Back: Desistance, Generativity and Social Work with Offenders
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Scotland: Criminal Justice Social Work
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An Evaluation of the Use of Electronic Monitoring as a Condition of Bail in Scotland
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A New Paradigm for Social Work with Offenders?
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Book Review: Global Lockdown: Race, Gender, and the Prison-Industrial Complex, by J. Sudbury (ed)
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More haste, less speed? An Evaluation of Fast Track policies to tackle persistent offending Scotland
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Public Insecurities About Crime: A Review of the British Research Literature
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Dealing in Cultural Objects: a New Criminal Law for the UK
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Tit for Tat: Criminal Justice Policy and the Evolution of Co-operation
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Consumer Society, Commodification and Offender Management
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Introduction:`What Lies Beyond? Problems, Prospects and Possibilities for Life after Punishment
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Is there life after imprisonment? How elderly men talk about imprisonment and release
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Legitimacy and Imprisonment Revisited: Notes on the Problem of Order Ten Years after
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Giving Up Crime: Directions for Policy
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Trust and Confidence in Criminal Justice: A Review of the British Research Literature
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(In)civility and the city
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What Good Are Markets in Punishment?
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Contemporary Issues in Law Enforcement and Policing
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Dealing with Difference and Diversity
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The Trial and Its Alternatives as Speech Situations
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