Criminal Justice Process and Institutions


Criminal justice processes and institutions are used by the government or state to maintain social control, deter and control crime, and sanction those who violate laws. Key institutions involved in the Scottish criminal justice process include the police, the courts, Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service and correctional institutions (prisons etc).
SCCJR’s work on this topic includes research on formal practices (such as policing, prosecution, sentencing and sanctioning) and less formal alternatives (such as restorative justice). We have a particular expertise in relation to youth justice and community penalties.